Do blood pressure and headaches relate to each other? High blood pressure could be referred to as a “silent disease” since it seldom manifests itself with obvious symptoms and has no uniform symptoms. On the other hand, high blood pressure can cause a number of symptoms. The nearest equivalent to a “genuine” high blood pressure symptom is persistent or increasing headaches. If you believe that blood pressure causes headaches, in this article, HealthoWealth will answer your questions about blood pressure and headaches.
Relation between blood pressure and headaches
Blood pressure and headaches are relatable? Without the use of a blood pressure monitor, it might be difficult to detect high blood pressure. However, if your blood pressure rises dangerously high, you may get a headache and other symptoms.
When high blood pressure symptoms do emerge, they may include a strong headache. People who believe they have high blood pressure should not dismiss their symptoms. This article discusses when high blood pressure might induce a headache, what additional symptoms a person may have and when it is necessary to seek emergency medical attention.
For decades, it has been known that some persons with high blood pressure have more frequent and severe headaches; so everyone thinks that blood pressure and headaches are relatable, but on the other hand, the study is inconclusive.
According to a study conducted in Norway, we have another idea about blood pressure and headaches. They say persons with high blood pressure may experience less headaches than those with normal blood pressure.
The physics and physiology of headaches can help explain why the link between high blood pressure and headaches isn’t always clear. One of the established causes of headache symptoms is high blood pressure, which is linked to narrowed blood vessels. Deformation (widening) of the blood vessels might trigger headaches.
Changes in blood pressure also result in a process known as blood vessel vasodilation. This process causes blood vessels to constrict or dilate as the body adjusts to changes in fluid, hormones, heart rate, and other factors.
Headaches with Systolic vs. Diastolic Blood Pressure
Before considering blood pressure and headaches, we should know about Systolic vs. Diastolic Blood Pressure. The first or top number is systolic pressure, and the second or bottom number is diastolic pressure. Blood pressure is measured with a blood pressure cuff and given as two numbers: systolic pressure is the first or top number, and diastolic pressure is the second or bottom number. These figures are often normal, excessively high, or excessively low; however they indicate somewhat varied elements of health. Isolated systolic hypertension or isolated diastolic hypertension are also possible.
Those with greater systolic pressures and broader pulse pressures appeared to be the best protected from headaches in the Norwegian research. Surprisingly, people with high blood pressure who were being treated appeared to have a headache risk comparable to patients with normal blood pressure. Another study has linked headaches to high diastolic blood pressure, the second number in a blood pressure reading.
Headaches Caused by Severe Hypertension
Some kinds of hypertension might result in potentially hazardous headaches. These are medical crises that demand immediate attention.
Changes in medication dose, serious health events (such as renal illness), or drug usage can all cause sudden and severe hypertension. These health concerns can cause a sudden rise in blood pressure, which can lead to potentially dangerous results such as a heart attack or a cerebral hemorrhage (bleeding of the brain). And this leads to the relation between blood pressure and headaches.
Another kind of hypertension, known as intracranial hypertension, differs from the type measured using a blood pressure cuff. High pressure in the skull can be caused by a variety of conditions, including brain tumors and meningitis (an infection around the brain). Intracranial hypertension is a condition that causes severe headaches, disorientation, and loss of consciousness.
What does science have to say about blood pressure and headaches?
The findings of the study are inconclusive as to whether elevated blood pressure causes headaches.
Evidence in favor of the theory of blood pressure and headaches
according to a study published in one of the Journal of Neurology Trusted Source, High blood pressure causes headaches on both sides of the brain. The headache pulsates and is exacerbated by physical effort. High blood pressure, according to the scientists, can cause headaches by disrupting the blood-brain barrier.
When blood pressure is excessively high, hypertension can result in excessive pressure on the brain, causing blood to leak from the blood vessels in this organ.
Edema, or swelling, results from the leaking, which is troublesome since the brain is enclosed within the skull and has little room to grow.
The swelling puts more pressure on the brain, resulting in headaches, dizziness, nausea, disorientation, weakness, seizures, and impaired vision, among other symptoms. A person’s symptoms will normally improve within an hour of receiving therapy to decrease their blood pressure.
Evidence that refutes the theory of blood pressure and headaches
According to the American Heart Association (AHA) Trusted Source, people seldom get headaches when their blood pressure is high unless it exceeds 180/120 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). It becomes a hypertensive crisis, which is a medical emergency, at this stage.
Regular headaches have also been studied to see if they have an impact on a person’s overall heart health. The headaches of 1,914 persons with hypertension were tracked for 30 years in research published in the American Journal of Hypertension. The findings revealed no relationship between the frequency of headaches and the risk of cardiovascular death.
Other indications and effects of hypertension
In addition to blood pressure and headaches, many people who have high blood pressure don’t show any signs or symptoms. As a consequence, hypertension has earned the title “devastating disease.” A hypertensive crisis occurs when blood pressure rises fast and significantly, generally to values of 180/120 mm Hg Trusted Source or higher.
Hypertensive urgency is a condition in which a person has dangerously high blood pressure, but no other symptoms. It is a hypertensive emergency if they are having further symptoms.
Other signs and symptoms include:
- Having trouble with back pain
- Face flushing
- Having difficulty while speaking
- acute anxiety
- lack of breath
- vision changes
- numbness or weakness
When should you consult a doctor?
A hypertensive crisis might lead to serious problems if not treated (not only about blood pressure and headaches).
These are some examples:
- harm to the eyes
- chest ache
- attack on the heart
- renal failure
- pulmonary edema (excess fluid in the lungs) seizures stroke
As a result of blood pressure and headaches, it is critical that a person does not dismiss a strong headache or any other high blood pressure symptoms.