You probably have heard what blood pressure is dangerous (or is it?) and how it may influence your health in a variety of ways.
But what does a normal blood pressure reading signify, what blood pressure is dangerous and what do your blood pressure readings mean? HealthoWealth is here with you again to go over what normal, raised, and high blood pressure are and what they represent for you and your health in this post.
What exactly do the numbers imply?
When your blood pressure is measured by a healthcare expert, it’s expressed as a fraction with two digits on top (systolic) and one number on the bottom (diastolic). 120/80 mm Hg, for example. Which is the tool that shows why and what blood pressure is dangerous or isn’t.
The millimeters of mercury is used to measure blood pressure. The mm/Hg stands for millimeters per kilometer and the following is an explanation of the numbers:
- When your heart contracts or beats, your systolic pressure (the top number) is the pressure of blood in your arteries.
- The pressure in your arteries between beats, when your heart relaxes, is called diastolic pressure (the bottom number).
Both of these statistics are crucial in determining what blood pressure is dangerous or can be.
If your numbers are higher than the recommended range, your heart may be working too hard to pump blood to the rest of your body which is the primary option of what blood pressure is dangerous.
What is a typical reading?
Your blood pressure should display the following for a normal reading:
- a systolic pressure of more than 90 millimeters of mercury but less than 120 millimeters of mercury
- and a diastolic pressure of 60 mm Hg but less than 80 mm Hg
When both your systolic and diastolic values are in these ranges, your blood pressure is considered normal by the American Heart Association (AHA) Trusted Source.
There is no need for medical intervention if your blood pressure is within the normal range. To assist avoid the development of high blood pressure, it’s necessary to keep a healthy lifestyle and a modest weight.
If high blood pressure runs in your family, you may need to be even more careful with your lifestyle. So keep on reading to know what blood pressure is dangerous and let it sink in.
Blood pressure in the normal case
Blood pressure readings of less than 120/80 mm Hg and more than 90/60 mm Hg are considered normal for adults.
what blood pressure is dangerous and what is the definition of high blood pressure?
A blood pressure reading of more than 120/80 mm Hg is a red flag. It implies that you should monitor your blood pressure and practice heart-healthy activities.
Despite the fact that these statistics aren’t officially high blood pressure, you’ve exceeded the usual range. High blood pressure can develop from elevated blood pressure, putting you at risk for heart disease and stroke.
Higher blood pressure
You have high blood pressure if your systolic pressure is between 120 and 129 mm Hg and your diastolic pressure is less than 80 mm Hg.
Elevated blood pressure does not need the use of drugs. However, your doctor may discuss the benefits of leading a healthy lifestyle, such as obtaining regular exercise, eating a balanced diet, and maintaining a healthy weight, and even elaborate more on what blood pressure is dangerous so you may take it more seriously.
What is the definition of stage 1 hypertension?
If you have the following symptoms, you may be diagnosed with stage 1 hypertension (the medical name for high blood pressure):
You have a systolic blood pressure of 130 to 139 mm Hg, or diastolic blood pressure of 80 to 89 mm Hg.
However, according to the AHA Trusted Source, if you just have one reading this high, you may not have true stage 1 hypertension. The average of your blood pressure measurements throughout time is what defines the diagnosis of hypertension at any stage.
Your doctor can assist you in determining whether your blood pressure is too high by measuring and tracking it and telling you what blood pressure is dangerous.
Hypertension stage 1
A systolic blood pressure of 130 to 139 mm Hg and a diastolic blood pressure of 80 to 89 mm Hg are considered stage 1 hypertension.
If you’re at a lesser risk, your doctor may want to check in with you after 3 to 6 months to see if you’ve changed your habits. If your systolic blood pressure is more than 130 mm Hg and you’re 65 or older and otherwise healthy, your doctor will likely prescribe therapy and lifestyle adjustments.
Treatment decisions for persons 65 and older with serious health conditions should be determined on an individual basis.
In older persons, treating high blood pressure appears to reduce memory issues and dementia.
The definition of stage 2 hypertension
Hypertension in stage two is a more dangerous condition. If you have stage 2 hypertension, your doctor may tell you: “You have a systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher.” Your doctor will prescribe one or more drugs to control your blood pressure at this point.
However, medication isn’t the sole option at this stage of the disease. In stage 2 hypertension, lifestyle choices are equally as crucial as they are in the previous stages.
Hypertension in stage 2
Stage 2 hypertension is defined as a systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or greater.
A result of 180/120 mm Hg or above suggests a major health condition. These high readings are referred to as a “hypertensive crisis” by the AHA Trusted Source. Even if there are no other symptoms, blood pressure in this range necessitates immediate treatment.
If your blood pressure is in this range, get emergency medical attention. You may also have already noticed what blood pressure is dangerous and if yours have reached a certain level that is dangerous. You may experience the following symptoms:
- Chest discomfort
- shortness of breath
- and visual abnormalities are all stroke symptoms, as are paralysis or loss of facial muscle function
- blood in your urine
However, a high reading might happen from time to time, and your statistics will eventually return to normal. If your blood pressure remains at this level for a few minutes, your doctor will most likely take a second reading.
Now that you know what blood pressure is high, if your second blood pressure result is also higher than 180/120 mm Hg, you should seek medical help right away.
Crisis of hypertension
A blood pressure result of 180/120 mm Hg is called a hypertensive crisis, which can be life-threatening. You’ll require medical attention as soon as possible.
|Below 120||Below 80|
High blood pressure(stage 1)
High blood pressure (stage 2)
|140 or higher||90 or higher|
|Above 180||Above 120|
What is the treatment for high blood pressure?
The severity of your hypertension, as well as your lifestyle and risk factors, will determine how you are treated. After realizing what blood pressure is high, we should know that the objective of treating high blood pressure is to prevent it from progressing to clinical hypertension. At this time, no drugs are required. Your doctor may advise you to:
- consuming a more well-balanced diet
- regular physical activity
- If you are overweight or obese, you must lose weight.
For stage 1 hypertension, your doctor may suggest the following lifestyle adjustments in addition to the ones listed above.
If your blood pressure doesn’t improve after a month of lifestyle adjustments, try lowering your salt consumption and finding healthy strategies to manage your stress medication.
Now that you know what blood pressure is dangerous, remember that medication is the most common treatment for stage 2 hypertension, in conjunction with a healthy lifestyle. To help reduce your blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe one or more of the following medications:
- ACE inhibitors are drugs that prevent blood arteries from constricting.
- The use of alpha-blockers can assist to relax the arteries.
- beta-blockers lower your heart rate and prevent blood arteries from constricting.
- diuretics to reduce the quantity of fluid in your body calcium channel blockers to relax blood arteries and reduce the work of your heart
A hypertensive emergency needs rapid medical attention. Medications can be taken orally or administered intravenously (through an IV).
The most often prescribed drugs
In the event of a hypertensive emergency, a reliable source is:
- vasodilators, such as hydralazine, nitroglycerin, and nitroprusside
- beta-blockers, such as labetalol (Trandate) and esmolol (Brevibloc)
The following drugs may be administered if your blood pressure is in the hypertensive crisis range and you simultaneously have renal failure:
Calcium channel blockers such clevidipine (Cleviprex) and nicardipine (Cardene), as well as fenoldopam, a dopamine D1 receptor agonist Trusted Source (Corlopam)
Preventative actions for blood pressure
Even if your blood pressure levels are in the normal range, it’s crucial to take preventive actions to keep your blood pressure in check. This can help reduce your chance of developing hypertension, heart disease, and other high blood pressure issues after you know what blood pressure is dangerous.
No matter what blood pressure is dangerous, prevention becomes increasingly more vital as you become older. Once you reach the age of 50, your systolic pressure begins to rise, and it becomes significantly more relevant in determining the risk of coronary heart disease and other disorders.
Now that you know what blood pressure is dangerous, keep in mind that those such as the ones listed below may help minimize your chance of getting high blood pressure:
- Reduce the amount of sodium (salt) you consume. Try not to take more than 2,300 milligrams (mg) of salt per day if you want to eat a heart-healthy diet. You should restrict your salt consumption to less than 1,500 mg per day if you already have hypertension. Begin by eliminating salt from your diet. Processed foods, which frequently have a lot of added salt, should also be avoided.
- Exercise on a regular basis. Maintaining a good blood pressure measurement requires consistency. It is preferable to exercise for 20 to 30 minutes every day rather than a few hours on weekends.
- Maintain a healthy body weight. Focus on keeping your current weight if you’re currently at a healthy weight. If not, take action to address it.
- Stress may be managed in a healthy way. Exercising, yoga, deep breathing exercises, and even 10-minute meditation sessions can all be beneficial.
- Reduce your alcohol consumption and quit smoking. It’s also critical to stop smoking or avoid from doing so. If quitting smoking or restricting alcohol use is proving tough, get help from your doctor.
High blood pressure complications
High blood pressure, if left untreated or inadequately controlled, can lead to significant and even life-threatening complications and is among those we elaborated on what blood pressure is dangerous. It has the potential to harm both your blood vessels and your organs. The longer you wait to treat your hypertension, the more damage it will do to your body and health.
High blood pressure can lead to a variety of issues, including:
- Stroke and heart attack are two common causes of death. Hypertension can cause your arteries to thicken and stiffen, putting you at risk for a heart attack or stroke.
- Heart failure is a serious condition. Your heart has to work harder to pump blood throughout your body when your arteries have thickened and hardened. This can lead to the thickening of your heart muscle, which can lead to heart failure.
- Aneurysm of the aorta! Elevated blood pressure can weaken your blood arteries and lead them to bulge out in the weak location, resulting in an aneurysm. If an aneurysm ruptures, it can be life-threatening.
- Kidney failure is a serious condition. High blood pressure may cause damage to the arteries around your kidneys. Your kidneys’ ability to filter your blood may be harmed as a result of this.
- There is a loss of vision. Blood vessels in your eyes might be damaged by high blood pressure.
- Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a condition that affects the arteries in the Blood flow to portions of your body farther distant from your heart, such as your legs and feet, might be hampered by hardened arteries.
- Sexual dysfunction is a problem that many people face. Erectile dysfunction in males and reduced libido in women can both be caused by high blood pressure.
- Vascular dementia is a kind of dementia that affects the blood vessels Blood flow to the brain can be restricted by narrowed or hardened arteries, which might raise your risk of vascular dementia, a kind of dementia. A stroke can also induce this sort of dementia.
What about a dangerously low blood pressure?
Low blood pressure is referred to as hypotension in medical terms. As you can understand the answer to what blood pressure is dangerous is not only high blood pressure but also low blood pressure. Hypotension is defined as a blood pressure measurement of 90/60 mm Hg or below in adults.
Hypotension is harmful because low blood pressure does not provide enough oxygenated blood to your body and heart. Hypotension can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- issues with the heart
- Pregnancy blood loss due to dehydration
- a serious infection (septicemia)
- an allergic response that is extreme (anaphylaxis)
- endocrine problems malnutrition
- some pharmaceuticals
Lightheadedness or dizziness are common symptoms of hypotension. Find out what’s causing your low blood pressure and what you can do to boost it by speaking with your doctor.
At last what blood pressure is dangerous? And what we have to do?
HealthoWealth elaborated what blood pressure is dangerous post under the supervision of experts. It’s critical to keep your blood pressure in a healthy range to avoid consequences like heart disease and stroke.
Blood pressure can be lowered with a mix of good lifestyle behaviors and drugs. Weight loss is also crucial in keeping your blood pressure readings down if you are overweight or obese.
a single blood pressure number does not always indicate how healthy you are. The most accurate method is to take an average of blood pressure readings over time. Remember, no health no wealth!