If you have diabetes symptoms, your body is unable to effectively digest and utilize glucose obtained from your diet. There are several varieties of diabetes, each with its own set of reasons, but they all have one thing in common: too much glucose in the bloodstream. Medications and/or insulins are used as treatments. Adopting a healthy lifestyle can help avoid some kinds of diabetes. HealthOWealth will explain to you what is diabetes and will provide you with some of these suggestions to regain your health.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes symptoms develop when your body’s cells are unable to absorb sugar (glucose) and utilize it for energy. Extra sugar builds up in your system as a result of this.
Diabetes symptoms that are not well controlled can have catastrophic effects, including damage to a variety of organs and tissues in your body, including your heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves.
What is the source of my high blood glucose level? What causes this to happen?
Breaking down the food you consume into multiple nutritional sources is part of the digestive process. When you eat carbs (such as bread, rice, or pasta), your body converts them to sugar (glucose). When glucose enters your bloodstream, it needs help – a “key” – to get to its final destination: the cells of your body (cells make up your tissues and organs). Insulin is the “helper” or “key.”
Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, which is located below the stomach. Insulin is released into your bloodstream by your pancreas. Insulin is the “key” that opens the “door” in the cell wall that permits glucose to enter the cells of your body. The “fuel” or energy that tissues and organs require to operate properly is glucose.
If you have diabetes symptoms, it means:
- Your pancreas does not produce enough or any insulin.
- Your pancreas produces insulin, but your body’s cells do not respond to it and are unable to utilize it properly.
If glucose can’t reach your body’s cells, it stays in your circulation and raises your blood glucose level.
What are the kinds of diabetes?
The following are the different forms of diabetes symptoms:
Type 1 diabetes symptoms
it is an autoimmune illness, which means your body is attacking itself. The insulin-producing cells in your pancreas are damaged in this situation. Type 1 diabetes symptoms affect up to 10% of patients with diabetes. Children and young adults are the most typically affected (but can develop at any age). It used to be called “juvenile” diabetes. People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin on a daily basis. Because of this, it’s also known as insulin-dependent diabetes.
Diabetes type 2 (T2D)
This kind occurs when your body either does not produce enough insulin or when your body’s cells do not respond to insulin properly. The most frequent kind of diabetes is this one. Type 2 diabetes affects up to 95% of diabetics. People in their forties and fifties are the ones who are most affected. Type 2 diabetes is also known as adult-onset diabetes or insulin-resistant diabetes. It was probably referred to as “having a bit of sugar” by your parents or grandparents.
it is the stage before Type 2 diabetes develops Although your blood glucose levels are greater than normal, they are not high enough to diagnose Type 2 diabetes.
it is a kind of diabetes that develops in certain women during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually goes away once the baby is born. You’re more likely to get Type 2 diabetes later in life if you have gestational diabetes.
Types of diabetes symptoms that are less frequent include:
- Monogenic diabetes symptoms and syndromes: these are uncommon hereditary types of diabetes that account for 4% of all occurrences. Diabetes in infancy and diabetes in childhood are two instances.
- Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes: it is a kind of diabetes that only affects persons who have the condition.
- Drug- or chemical induced diabetes: This kind of diabetes can occur after an organ transplant, as a result of HIV/AIDS therapy, or as a result of glucocorticoid steroid usage. Diabetes insipidus is an uncommon disease in which your kidneys create an excessive quantity of urine.
what is the prevalence of diabetes?
Diabetes affects 34.2 million individuals of all ages in the United States or almost one out of every 10 people. 7.3 million persons aged 18 and above (about 1 in 5) have no idea they have diabetes (just under 3 percent of all U.S. adults). As people become older, the number of people diagnosed with diabetes climbs. Diabetes affects more than 26% of persons aged 65 and over (about 1 in 4).
who is at risk of developing diabetes? What are the factors that put you in jeopardy?
The factors that raise your risk vary depending on the diabetes symptoms you get. The following are some of the risk factors for Type 1 diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes symptoms run in the family (parents or siblings).
- Pancreatitis is a condition in which the pancreas is injured (such as by infection, tumor, surgery, or accident).
- Autoantibodies (antibodies that erroneously target your tissues or organs) are present.
- Stress on the body (such as surgery or illness).
- Viruses can cause sickness if you are exposed to them.
The following are risk factors for prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes symptoms:
- Prediabetes or Type 2 diabetes symptoms in the family (parent or sibling).
- Being of African, Hispanic, Native American, Asian, or Pacific Islander ancestry.
- Being overweight is a problem.
- High blood pressure is a condition in which one’s blood pressure is abnormally high.
- Having a high triglyceride level and a low HDL cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol).
- Inactivity in the physical sense.
- Being 45 years old or older.
- Having gestational diabetes or having a kid that weighs more than 9 pounds.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
- Having had a heart attack or stroke in the past.
- Being a cigarette smoker.
Some of the risk factors for gestational diabetes include:
- Prediabetes or Type 2 diabetes in the family (parent or sibling).
- Being African-American, Hispanic, Native American, or Asian-American has its advantages and disadvantages.
- Being overweight before conception.
- Being over the age of 25.
What are the causes of diabetes symptoms?
Diabetes is caused by an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, regardless of the type. The explanation for your elevated blood glucose levels, however, varies depending on the kind of diabetes you have.
Causes of Type 1 diabetes
They are caused by a number of factors. This is a condition that affects the immune system. Your body attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. If you don’t have enough insulin to let glucose into your cells, glucose builds up in your bloodstream. Genes may also have a role in some situations.
Causes of Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes
They are caused by the following factors. Insulin in your body’s cells does not work correctly, stopping glucose from entering them. Insulin resistance has developed in your body’s cells. Your pancreas can’t keep up with the demand for insulin and produces insufficient amounts to overcome resistance. Glucose levels in the bloodstream grow.
Diabetes during pregnancy
During pregnancy, hormones generated by the placenta make your body’s cells more resistant to insulin. Your pancreas is unable to produce sufficient insulin to overcome this resistance. There is an excessive amount of glucose in your bloodstream.
What are some of the signs and diabetes symptoms?
- Thirst has increased.
- Feeling weak and exhausted
- Vision is hazy.
- Hands and feet are numb or tingling.
- Sores or cuts that take a long time to heal.
- Unintentional weight loss.
- Urination on a regular basis.
- Infections that don’t seem to go away.
- You have a dry mouth.
And other symptoms:
- Dry, itchy skin in women, as well as yeast infections or urinary tract infections on a regular basis.
- Reduced sex drive, erectile problems, and physical strength in men.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes
Symptoms might appear suddenly, over the course of a few weeks or months. Whether you’re a child, a teen, or a young adult, symptoms occur first. Nausea, vomiting, or stomach aches, as well as yeast infections or urinary tract infections, are other symptoms.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes and prediabetes
Because type 2 diabetes and prediabetes develop slowly over several years, you may not notice any symptoms at all. Although symptoms commonly appear in adults, prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes are on the rise in people of all ages.
Symptoms of gestational diabetes are usually not noticeable. Between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy, your obstetrician will test you for gestational diabetes.
what are the diabetic complications?
Your body’s tissues and organs might be badly harmed if your blood glucose level remains high for an extended length of time. Over time, certain issues might become life-threatening.
The following are some of the complications:
- Coronary artery disease, chest discomfort, heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and atherosclerosis are all cardiovascular concerns (narrowing of the arteries).
- Nerve injury (neuropathy) produces numbness and tingling in the toes and fingers, which eventually spreads.
- Nephropathy is kidney deterioration that can lead to renal failure, dialysis, or transplantation.
- Cataracts and glaucoma are examples of eye deterioration (retinopathy) that can lead to blindness.
- Nerve damage, poor blood flow, and slow healing of wounds and sores are all examples of a foot injury.
- Infections of the skin
- Erectile dysfunction is a condition that affects men.
- Hearing loss is a common problem.
- Problems with the teeth
Gestational diabetes symptoms and complications
Preeclampsia (high blood pressure, excess protein in urine, leg/foot edema) in the mother: as well as the risk of gestational diabetes in subsequent pregnancies and diabetes later in life.
for the newborn: High-than-normal birth weight, low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), increased chance of developing Type 2 diabetes over time, and mortality soon after delivery in newborns.
what is the procedure for diagnosing diabetes symptoms?
Your glucose level in a blood test is used to diagnose and control diabetes.
Glucose test after fasting the three tests that may be performed to detect your blood glucose level is the random glucose test, fasting glucose test, and the A1c test.
Fasting plasma glucose test
After an eight-hour fast, this test is best performed in the morning (nothing to eat or drink except sips of water).
Plasma glucose test at random
This test can be performed at any time and does not need fasting.
The A1c test
commonly known as the HbA1C test or the glycated hemoglobin test, determines your average blood glucose level during the previous two to three months. This test determines how much glucose is bound to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in your red blood cells. This exam does not require you to fast.
Oral glucose tolerance test
Blood glucose levels are assessed following an overnight fast in this. Then you consume a sugary beverage. Your blood glucose level is then monitored after one, two, and three hours.
|Glucose test after fasting||Less than 100
|100-125||126 or higher|
|Glucose test at random (at any moment)||Less than 140||140-199||200 or higher|
|A1c test||Less than 5.7%
|5.7 – 6.4%||6.5% or higher|
|Less than 140||140-199||200 or higher|
Tests for gestational diabetes
You’ll need to do two blood glucose tests if you’re pregnant. A glucose challenge test consists of consuming a sugary beverage and then having your blood sugar levels checked an hour later. This exam does not require you to fast. If the glucose level is greater than usual (more than 140 ml/dL), an oral glucose tolerance test will be performed (as described above).
who should get a diabetes test?
If you have diabetes symptoms or risk factors, you should get tested. The sooner diabetes symptoms are detected, the sooner treatment may begin, and complications can be reduced or avoided. If a blood test reveals that you have prediabetes, you and your healthcare provider can work together to adopt lifestyle changes (such as weight loss, exercise, and a nutritious diet) that can help you avoid or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes.
Additional testing recommendations based on risk factors:
Diabetes type 1 testing
Children and young adults with a family history of diabetes should be tested for Type 1 diabetes. Older persons are less likely to develop Type 1 diabetes.
As a result, testing in adults who arrive at the hospital and are diagnosed with diabetes-related ketoacidosis is critical. In people with Type 1 diabetes, ketoacidosis is a potentially lethal condition.
Diabetic type 2 testing
Adults aged 45 and above, those aged 19 to 44 who are overweight and have one or more risk factors, women who have had gestational diabetes, and children aged 10 to 18 who are overweight and have at least two type 2 diabetes risk factors should be tested.
Diabetes during pregnancy testing
All pregnant women who have been diagnosed with diabetes should be tested. Between weeks 24 and 28, all pregnant women should be tested. Your obstetrician may test you early if you have additional risk factors for gestational diabetes.
What is the best way to control diabetes symptoms?
Diabetes affects every part of your body. You’ll need to take steps to keep your risk factors in control and within normal ranges in order to properly manage diabetes, such as:
- Follow a food plan, take recommended medicine, and increase your exercise level to keep your blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible.
- Maintain as close to normal blood cholesterol (HDL and LDL levels) and triglyceride levels as feasible.
- Maintain a healthy blood pressure level. Blood pressure shouldn’t be more than 140/90 mmHg.
You have the power to control your diabetes symptoms if you:
- Following a healthy meal plan and planning what you eat. You’ll need to take steps to keep your risk factors in control and within normal ranges in order to properly manage diabetes, These diets are high in fiber and nutrients, yet low in fats and calories. Consult a competent nutritionist for help with nutrition and meal planning.
- Exercising on a regular basis. Try to exercise for at least 30 minutes most days of the week. Take a stroll, swim, or indulge in another enjoyable activity.
- If you are overweight, you must lose weight. Develop a weight-loss strategy with the help of your healthcare team.
- Taking medicine and insulin as recommended and according to the instructions on how and when to take it.
- At home, keep track of your blood glucose and blood pressure.
- Maintaining regular contact with your healthcare professionals and completing laboratory testing as directed by your doctor.
- Smoking cessation (if you smoke).
You have a lot of power over how you manage your diabetes on a daily basis.
What is the best way to monitor my blood glucose level? What is the significance of this?
Checking your blood glucose level is crucial because the findings may help you make decisions about what to eat, how much exercise you should do, and whether or not you need to alter or add insulin.
A blood glucose meter is the most popular approach to monitoring your blood glucose level.
This test requires you to prick the side of your finger, put a drop of blood onto a test strip, insert the strip into the meter, and the meter will display your current glucose level. Your healthcare professional will advise you on how frequently you should test your glucose level.
How does continuous glucose monitoring function, and what is it?
Thanks to technological advancements, we now have a new way to assess our glucose levels. A little sensor is implanted under your skin for continuous glucose monitoring. It’s not necessary to prick your finger. Rather, the sensor continuously checks your blood sugar levels and shows the data at any time of day or night. To check if continuous glucose monitors are a good fit for you, talk to your doctor about it.
What is my optimal blood glucose level?
Consult your doctor to determine your optimal blood glucose level. It’s possible that they have a goal range in mind for you. Most people, on the other hand, attempt to keep their blood glucose levels within these ranges:
- Between 80 and 130 mg/dL before a meal.
- Less than 180 mg/dL two hours after the commencement of a meal.
What happens if I have a low blood glucose level?
Hypoglycemia is defined as a blood glucose level that is lower than the normal range (typically less than 70 mg/dL). This is a signal from your body that you require sugar.
Hypoglycemia can cause a variety of diabetes symptoms, including:
- Weakness or tremors
- Sweating and moist skin
- The heart is racing.
- Hunger strikes unexpectedly.
- Skin that is light in color.
- Numbness in the tongue or mouth
- Nervousness and irritability
- Nightmares, terrible dreams, and disturbed sleep are all common occurrences.
- Vision is hazy.
- Seizures and headaches.
- If your hypoglycemia is not treated, you may pass out.
What happens if I have a high blood glucose level?
Hyperglycemia is a condition in which your blood contains too much glucose. Hyperglycemia is characterized by the following:
- When fasting, a blood glucose level of more than 125 mg/dL is present (nothing to eat or drink for at least eight hours).
- One to two hours after eating, a blood glucose level of more than 180 mg/dL.
What is the treatment for diabetes symptoms?
Treatment for diabetes symptoms is determined by the kind of diabetes you have, how well your blood glucose level is controlled, and any other medical issues you may have.
- Type 1 diabetes symptoms necessitate the use of insulin on a daily basis. Insulin is no longer produced by your pancreas.
- If you have type 2 diabetes, your treatments may include drugs (both for diabetes and for diseases that are risk factors for diabetes), insulin, and lifestyle modifications such as decreasing weight, eating healthier, and exercising more.
- If you have prediabetes, your objective is to avoid becoming diabetic.
- Treatments in gestational diabetes are centered on reversible risk factors, such as decreasing weight with a healthy diet (such as the Mediterranean diet) and regular exercise (at least five days a week for 30 minutes). Many diabetes prevention measures are also advised for diabetic treatment (see prevention section of this article).
- If you have diabetes symptoms during pregnancy and your blood sugar level isn’t too high, your first line of defense may be to change your diet and exercise regularly. Your healthcare provider may prescribe medicine or insulin if the target goal is not attained or if your glucose level is too high.
Oral medicines and insulin are used to treat diabetes symptoms in one of the following ways:
- Your pancreas is stimulated to produce and release more insulin.
- Reduces the rate at which glucose is released from your liver (extra glucose is stored in your liver).
- Blocks the digestion of carbohydrates in your stomach or intestines, allowing your tissues to respond to insulin more quickly.
- Increased urination aids in the removal of glucose from the body.
What oral diabetes medicines have been approved?
The Food and Drug Administration has authorized over 40 medicines for the treatment of diabetes symptoms. The scope of this page does not allow for a comprehensive evaluation of all of these medications. Instead, we’ll go through the various drug classes, how they function, and the names of a few medications from each class.
Diabetes is treated using the following medication classes:
These medications cause the pancreas to release more insulin, lowering blood glucose levels. Glimepiride (Amaryl), glipizide (Glucotrol), and glyburide (Micronase, DiaBeta) are examples.
Glinides (also known as meglitinides)
These are medicines that cause the pancreas to release more insulin, lowering blood glucose levels. Repaglinide (Prandin) and nateglinide (Starlix) are two examples.
These are medications that lower the amount of glucose produced by the liver. It also improves insulin sensitivity and slows the body’s conversion of carbohydrates to sugar. One example is metformin (Glucophage).
These medications reduce blood sugar by slowing carbohydrate breakdown and limiting glucose absorption in the small intestine. Acarbose (Precose) is an example.
SGLT2 inhibitors (also known as sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors)
These medications function by causing your kidneys to excrete glucose through your urine. Canagliflozin (Invokana), dapagliflozin (Farxiga), and empagliflozin (Jardiance) are among the examples.
Bile acid sequestrants
These are medications that help to decrease cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Colestipol (Colestid®), cholestyramine (Questran®), and colesevelam (Welchol®) are among the examples.
This medicine inhibits the liver’s release of glucose. Bromocriptine (Cyclocet) is an example.
To get the greatest blood glucose control, several oral diabetic medicines can be taken in combination or with insulin.
Some of the drugs listed above are available as a single tablet that contains two pills. Others, such as the GLP-1 agonists semaglutide (Ozempic) and lixisenatide (Adlyxin), are accessible as injectable drugs.
Always take your medicine precisely as directed by your doctor. Talk to them about your unique worries and queries.
what insulin medicines are FDA-approved for diabetic treatment?
Insulin comes in a variety of forms for diabetics. If you require insulin, your healthcare provider will explain the various varieties and whether or not they should be used in conjunction with oral drugs. A quick rundown of insulin kinds follows.
These insulins are administered 15 minutes before meals, peak at one hour (when blood glucose levels are lowest), and then work for another two to four hours. Insulin glulisine (Apidra®), insulin lispro (Humalog®), and insulin aspart (NovoLog®) are examples.
These insulins enter your system in approximately 30 minutes, achieve their peak effects in two to three hours, and persist for three to six hours. Insulin regular (Humulin R®) is an example.
They enter your system in two to four hours, peak in four to twelve hours, and last up to 18 hours. In NPH, this is an example.
It works to keep your blood sugar constant throughout the day. These insulins usually persist for roughly 18 hours. Insulin glargine (Basaglar®, Lantus®, Toujeo®), insulin detemir (Levemir®), and insulin degludec (Tresiba®) are only a few examples.
Insulins that are a mix of multiple insulins are available. Insulins that are coupled with a GLP-1 receptor agonist medicine (e.g., Xultophy®, Soliqua®) are also available.
What is the best way to take insulin?
Isn’t it amazing how many various methods there are to take insulin? Insulin is available in a variety of forms. Based on your preferences, lifestyle, insulin needs, and insurance plan, you and your healthcare physician will choose which delivery method is best for you. Here’s a short rundown of the many options.
Needle and syringe
You’ll insert a needle into an insulin vial, draw back the syringe, and fill the needle with the correct quantity of insulin with this approach. The insulin will be injected into your stomach, thigh, buttocks, or upper arm, rotating the injection sites. To maintain your goal blood glucose level, you may need to give yourself one or more injections each day.
The insulin pen resembles a pen with a cap. They are either prefilled with insulin or come with insulin cartridges that must be inserted and changed after each usage. Insulin pumps are small, computerized devices that you carry on your belt, in your pocket, or under your clothing. They are roughly the size of a small cell phone.
They use a little flexible tube called a cannula to provide rapid-acting insulin 24 hours a day. A needle is used to introduce the cannula beneath the skin. The needle is then withdrawn from under the skin, leaving only the flexible tube. Every two to three days, you should change the cannula. Another form of insulin pump is one that is linked to your skin rather than using tubes.
An artificial pancreas (also known as a closed-loop insulin delivery system)
That is a device that replaces the pancreas. An insulin pump is coupled to a continuous glucose monitor in this setup. Every five minutes, the monitor analyzes your blood glucose levels, and the pump then administers the appropriate dose of insulin.
An inhaler device is inserted into your mouth and allows you to breathe in a powdered inhaler. Insulin is breathed into the lungs before being absorbed into the circulation. Adults with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes are the only ones who can use inhalers.
Insulin injection port
A small tube is inserted into the tissue under your skin to administer insulin. An adhesive patch holds the port in place. This port is used to administer insulin with a needle and syringe or an insulin pen. Every few days, the port is updated. Instead of rotating injection sites, the port delivers a single injection site.
A jet injector is a needleless insulin administration system that employs high pressure to spray a thin mist of insulin through your skin.
Are there any other diabetic treatments?
Yes. For a small percentage of Type 1 diabetes patients, there are two types of transplants that may be a possibility. It is possible to have a pancreatic transplant. Getting an organ transplant, on the other hand, necessitates taking immune-suppressing medicines for the remainder of your life and coping with their negative effects. If the transplant goes well, you’ll probably be able to quit using insulin.
A pancreatic islet transplant is another form of transplant. Clusters of islet cells (the cells that create insulin) from an organ donor are transplanted into your pancreas to replace those that have been killed in this procedure.
Another type 1 diabetes medication under investigation is immunotherapy. Because Type 1 diabetes is an immune system illness, immunotherapy offers promise as a strategy to utilize medicine to switch off the immune system components that cause the disease.
Another therapeutic option for diabetes symptoms that is an indirect treatment is bariatric surgery. If you have Type 2 diabetes, are obese (BMI above 35), and are deemed a good candidate for bariatric surgery, it may be a possibility for you.
An organ donor’s clusters of islet cells (the cells that make insulin) are transplanted into your pancreas to replace those that died during the surgery.
Another type 1 diabetes symptoms medication under investigation is immunotherapy. Because Type 1 diabetes is a disease of the immune system, immunotherapy holds promise as a method of using medicine to turn off the immune system components that cause the disease.
Bariatric surgery is another therapy option for diabetes symptoms that is an indirect treatment. It may be an option for you if you have Type 2 diabetes symptoms, are obese (BMI greater than 35), and are rated a suitable candidate for bariatric surgery.
Blood glucose levels are much lower in those who have lost a lot of weight. Other drugs, of course, are provided to treat any existing health concerns that contribute to an increased risk of diabetes symptoms. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other heart-related disorders are among these problems.
Prevention for diabetic symptoms
Is it possible to prevent prediabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes? Although certain risk factors for diabetes, such as family history and race, cannot be controlled, you can have some influence over other risk variables. Some of the healthy lifestyle activities described below can assist to improve these modifiable risk factors and reduce your risk of diabetes:
- Consume a nutritious diet, such as the Mediterranean or Dash diets. Keep track of everything you eat in a food diary and calorie counter. You may lose 12 pounds each week by cutting 250 calories from your daily diet.
- Engage in some physical activity. At least five days a week, aim for 30 minutes of exercise. Start slowly and work your way up to this time limit, or divide these minutes into more manageable 10-minute chunks. Walking is an excellent kind of exercise.
- If you are overweight, you should lose weight. If you’re pregnant, don’t try to reduce weight; instead, talk to your obstetrician about how to gain weight safely during your pregnancy.
- Reduce your anxiety. Relaxation methods, deep breathing exercises, focused meditation, yoga, and other practices are all beneficial.
- Consume alcohol in moderation.
- Men should limit themselves to two alcoholic beverages each day, while women should limit themselves to one.
- Make sure you get enough sleep (typically 7 to 9 hours).
- Stop smoking.
- As indicated by your healthcare practitioner, use drugs to address current risk factors for heart disease (e.g., high blood pressure, cholesterol) or to minimize the chance of developing Type 2 diabetes.
- Consult your healthcare professional if you suspect you have prediabetes symptoms.
Is it possible to prevent Type 1 diabetes?
No. Diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune illness, which means that your body fights itself. Scientists are baffled as to why a person’s own body would fight itself. Other variables, such as genetic alterations, might also be at play.
Is it possible to prevent diabetes’ long-term complications?
The majority of diabetes-related diseases and mortality are caused by chronic complications. After several years of high blood glucose, chronic problems frequently arise (hyperglycemia). Patients with Type 2 diabetes may exhibit indicators of problems at the time of diagnosis since their blood sugars have been raised for several years before they are identified.
Diabetes problems have already been discussed in this article. Although the consequences can be wide-ranging and impact a variety of organ systems, there are a number of basic preventative approaches that are universal. These are some of them:
- Follow your doctor’s instructions for taking your diabetic treatments (pills and/or insulin).
- Take all of your other drugs as advised by your doctor to manage any risk factors (high blood pressure, high cholesterol, other heart-related issues, and other health disorders).
- Keep a tight eye on your blood sugar levels.
- A healthy diet, such as the Mediterranean or Dash diet, should be followed. Meals should not be skipped.
- Regularly exercise for at least 30 minutes five days a week.
- If you are overweight, you should lose weight.
- Maintain proper hydration (water is your best choice).
- If you smoke, you should stop.
- Consult your doctor on a regular basis to manage your diabetes and keep an eye out for problems.
If I’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, what should I expect?
If you have diabetic symptoms, the most crucial thing you can do is stay within your healthcare provider’s suggested blood glucose goal range. These goals are, in general:
- Between 80 and 130 mg/dL before a meal.
- Less than 180 mg/dL two hours after the commencement of a meal.
You must follow a treatment plan that includes a tailored diet, 30 minutes of exercise five times a week, quitting smoking, limiting alcohol, and getting seven to nine hours of sleep. hours of sleep every night. When it comes to taking your medications and insulin, always follow your doctor’s recommendations.
When should I schedule a visit with my doctor?
If you haven’t been diagnosed with diabetes, you should consult your doctor if you’re experiencing any of the symptoms. If you have diabetes and your blood glucose levels are outside of your target range, if your present symptoms worsen, or if you acquire any new symptoms, you should contact your physician.
Is sugary food a cause of diabetic causes?
Sugar does not cause diabetes in and of itself. Consuming meals rich in sugar can contribute to weight increase, which is a risk factor for diabetes.
In addition to weight gain, eating more sugar than the American Heart Association recommends (no more than six teaspoons (25 grams) for women and nine teaspoons (36 grams) for men) causes a variety of health problems.
All of these health risks are risk factors for diabetes or can exacerbate problems. Weight increase can lead to:
- Blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels are all elevated.
- Increase your chances of developing cardiovascular disease.
- Fat accumulation in the liver is a result of this.
- Tooth decay is caused by this.
What kind of medical specialists may be on my diabetes symptoms and treatment team?
The majority of diabetics see their primary care physician initially. An endocrinologist/pediatric endocrinologist, a physician who specializes in diabetes treatment, may be referred to you by your provider. A nephrologist (kidney doctor), cardiologist (heart doctor), podiatrist (foot doctor), neurologist (nerve and brain doctor), gastroenterologist (digestive tract doctor), registered dietician, nurse practitioners/physician assistants, diabetes educator, pharmacist, personal trainer, social worker, mental health professional, transplant team, and others may be on your healthcare team.
Is it necessary for me to see my main diabetic healthcare provider on a regular basis?
If you’re taking insulin injections, you should see your doctor every three to four months. If you’re taking diabetic medicines or treating them with a diet, you should see your doctor every four to six months. If your blood sugar isn’t under control or if diabetes problems are worsening, you may require more frequent visits.
What are diabetes symptoms curable or reversible?
Although they appear to be straightforward questions, the solutions are everything from straightforward. It may or may not be feasible to reverse your diabetes, depending on the kind and cause of your diabetes.
The term “achieving remission” refers to successfully reversing diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is a disease of the immune system with a hereditary component. Traditional therapies will not be able to reverse this form of diabetes. To stay alive, you’ll require insulin for the rest of your life. The most sophisticated method of keeping glucose within a narrow range at all times (insulin pump plus continuous glucose monitor and computer software) is to use an artificial pancreas (together with an insulin pump, a continuous glucose monitor, and a computer application). A pancreas transplant or a pancreas islet transplant is the closest thing to a Type 1 cure. To be considered for a transplant, individuals must satisfy a number of requirements. It’s not for everyone, and it necessitates a lifetime of immunosuppressive pills and dealing with their negative effects.
With a lot of effort and dedication, prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes may be reversed. All of your illness risk factors would have to be reversed. To do this, you must lose weight, exercise consistently, and consume a balanced diet (for example, a plant-based, low carb, low sugar, healthy fat diet). These efforts should also help you decrease your cholesterol and blood pressure to normal levels. In some persons with Type 2 diabetes, bariatric surgery (surgical that makes your stomach smaller) has been demonstrated to help them achieve remission. This is a major procedure with its own set of risks and problems.
If you have gestational diabetes, it will disappear once your kid is born. Having gestational diabetes, on the other hand, is a risk factor for Type 2 diabetes.
The good news is that diabetes can be managed, treated, and controlled efficiently. A talk with your healthcare professional about the extent to which your Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes can be controlled is necessary.
Is it possible to die from harsh diabetes symptoms?
Yes, if diabetes is left undetected and unmanaged (extremely high or severely low glucose levels), it has the potential to cause serious harm to your health. Diabetes can lead to heart attack, heart failure, stroke, renal failure, and coma, among other complications. As a result of these repercussions, you may die.
What effect does COVID-19 have on someone with diabetes symptoms?
Although diabetes does not necessarily raise your chance of getting COVID-19, it does make you more likely to have serious problems if you do. As your body works to eliminate the infection, your blood sugar levels are likely to rise if you get COVID-19. If you contract COVID-19, notify your healthcare team as soon as possible.
What are the effects of diabetes symptoms on your heart, eyes, feet, nerves, and kidneys?
Blood vessels may be found in all of the tissues and organs of our body. They round our body’s cells, transporting oxygen, nutrients, and other substances utilizing blood as the medium of exchange.
Diabetes symptoms, in basic words, prevent glucose (the body’s fuel) from entering cells and destroy blood arteries in and around these organs, as well as those that supply neurons. Organs, nerves, and tissues can start to deteriorate if they don’t obtain the nutrients they require to function correctly. The term “proper function” refers to the health of your heart’s blood vessels, particularly arteries (narrowed or blocked). This implies that waste items may be filtered out of your blood by your kidneys. This signifies that the blood vessels in your retina (the part of your eye that gives you vision) are unharmed. This indicates that nerves in your feet and nerves are fed and that blood flow to your feet is there. Diabetes damages the body and stops it from functioning properly.
what causes diabetes symptoms to result in amputation?
Poor blood flow can be a result of uncontrolled diabetes (poor circulation). You’re more likely to develop wounds and sores if you don’t get enough oxygen and nutrients (from your blood). This can lead to infections that don’t heal completely. Poor blood flow is more likely to affect areas of your body that are farthest away from your heart (the blood pump). If an infection develops and recovery is inadequate, parts of your body such as your toes, foot, legs, and fingers are more likely to be amputated.
Is it possible for diabetes symptoms to cause blindness?
Yes. Blindness can result from uncontrolled diabetes symptoms, which damage the blood vessels in the retina. If you haven’t been diagnosed with diabetes yet but are having trouble seeing clearly, consult your primary care physician or an ophthalmologist as soon as possible.
is it possible for diabetes to cause hearing loss?
Although scientists do not have definitive answers, there appears to be a link between hearing loss and diabetes symptoms. According to the American Diabetes Association, hearing loss is twice as likely in diabetics as it is in non-diabetics, according to recent research.
Furthermore, persons with prediabetes had a 30% greater likelihood of hearing loss than those with normal blood glucose levels. Diabetes symptoms appear to harm the blood vessels in the inner ear, according to scientists, but further study is needed.
is it possible for diabetes to induce headaches or dizziness?
Yes, if your blood glucose level is too low – generally below 70 mg/dL – you might have headaches or dizziness. Hypoglycemia is the medical term for this illness. This page discusses the additional symptoms that hypoglycemia can induce.
Hypoglycemia is frequent in persons with Type 1 diabetes, and it can also happen in people with Type 2 diabetes who take insulin (insulin helps glucose flow out of the bloodstream and into your body’s cells) or sulfonylureas.
is it possible for diabetes to induce hair loss?
Hair loss can occur as a result of diabetes symptoms. Diabetes that is not well managed might result in consistently high blood glucose levels. As a result, blood vessels are damaged and flow is reduced, and oxygen and nutrients are unable to reach the cells that require them, including hair follicles.
Stress can alter hormone levels, affecting hair growth. When you have Type 1 diabetes, your immune system assaults itself, which can lead to alopecia areata or hair loss.
What kinds of diabetes need the use of insulin?
Insulin is necessary for Type 1 diabetes patients to live. Your body has attacked your pancreas, killing the cells that produce insulin, if you have Type 1 diabetes. Your pancreas produces insulin, but it doesn’t operate properly if you have Type 2 diabetes. Insulin may be required in certain persons with Type 2 diabetes to assist glucose travel from the circulation to the cells where it is needed for energy.
If you have gestational diabetes symptoms, you may or may not require insulin. If you’re pregnant or have Type 2 diabetes symptoms, your doctor will monitor your blood sugar, analyze other risk factors, and come up with a treatment plan that may involve a combination of lifestyle modifications, oral drugs, and insulin. Your treatment plan, like you, is one-of-a-kind.
Is it possible to be born with diabetes and have diabetes symptoms? Is it hereditary?
Type 1 diabetes symptoms do not occur at birth, although it commonly occurs in childhood. Prediabetes and diabetes are chronic diseases that take years to develop. Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Genetics may have a role or contribute to the development of Type 1 diabetes, according to scientists.
It might be triggered by anything in the environment or a virus. You are more likely to acquire Type 1 diabetes symptoms if you have a family history of the disease. You’re more likely to acquire prediabetes, Type 2 diabetes, or gestational diabetes if you have a family history of prediabetes, Type 2 diabetes, or gestational diabetes.
What is ketoacidosis caused by diabetes (also known as diabetic ketoacidosis)?
Ketoacidosis caused by diabetes is a life-threatening illness. It occurs when your liver breaks down fat for energy because there isn’t enough insulin and glucose isn’t being used as a source of energy.
Fat is converted to ketones, a kind of fuel, by the liver. If it has been a long time since you last ate and your body requires fuel, the creation and usage of ketones is a natural process. When your fat is broken down too quickly for your body to handle, ketone levels rise in your blood. This causes your blood to become acidic, a disease known as ketoacidosis. Uncontrolled Type 1 diabetes and, less typically, Type 2 diabetes can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis. Ketones in the urine or blood, as well as a basic metabolic panel, are used to detect diabetes-related ketoacidosis. The disease takes several hours to develop and might result in a coma or perhaps death.
HHNS stands for the hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome. HHNS (hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome) develops more slowly than diabetes-related ketoacidosis (days to weeks). It affects people with Type 2 diabetes, particularly the elderly, and frequently happens when they are sick or agitated. Your blood glucose level is usually more than 600 mg/dL if you have HHNS. Frequent urination, tiredness, a lack of energy, and dehydration are among the symptoms. Ketones in the blood are not linked to HHNS. It can put you in a coma or kill you. For treatment, you’ll need to travel to the hospital.
What does it imply if my urine tests positive for protein?
This signifies that protein is being filtered via your kidneys and is now showing up in your urine. Proteinuria is the medical term for this disorder. The presence of protein in your urine for an extended period of time is a symptom of kidney impairment.
There’s a lot you can do to avoid diabetes symptoms (except Type 1 diabetes). Healthowealth suggests that you consult your healthcare practitioner if you or your child or teenager develops diabetic symptoms. Diabetes symptoms can be treated and controlled more effectively if it is detected early. The better your blood sugar regulation is, the more likely you are to live a long and healthy life.
If, after reading the article “An Overview of what is diabetes and Diabetes symptoms“, you liked it and became interested in studying in other fields of health and medicine, we suggest you read the following articles from the category diabetes on our website.