We’re now in the midst of a pandemic caused by the spread of SARS-CoV-2, a novel coronavirus that produces COVID-19, a respiratory disorder. While the majority of COVID-19 cases are minor, some do necessitate hospitalization.
Researchers are trying to understand more about health issues that might put you at risk for serious disease. High blood pressure, which is defined as a blood pressure value of 130/80 mmHg or more, is one of the disorders being studied.
We’ll go deeper into what we know about Blood pressure and covid-19 in this post that Healthowealth has provided for you. We’ll discuss whether you should keep taking your blood pressure medicine and what to do if you get sick.
Is there a link between Blood pressure and covid-19 or more severe symptoms?
We’re still discovering more about underlying health issues and how they affect Blood pressure and covid-19. As a result, it’s unclear if having high blood pressure makes you more likely to get the virus.
But, if you do get the virus and become ill, might high blood pressure put you at a higher risk of complications? That is a question that researchers are attempting to address.
In China, a recent study looked at almost 2,800 hospitalized people who have confirmed COVID-19. The following observations on Blood pressure and covid-19 were made by the researchers:
- 5 percent of research participants had high blood pressure. 83.5 percent of patients with high blood pressure were on medication to control their condition.
- In patients with high blood pressure, the risk of mortality from COVID-19 was double higher than in people without high blood pressure. So Blood pressure and covid-19 relate to each other.
- Those with high blood pressure who did not use blood pressure drugs were at a higher risk of mortality than those who did.
- Blood pressure drugs including ACE inhibitors and ARBs were linked to a decreased risk of mortality in a meta-analysis.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have revised its list of variables that raise a person’s risk of severe disease as a result of COVID-19.
While one kind of high blood pressure, pulmonary hypertension, is officially classified as a risk factor for severe disease, generalized hypertension is not.
Instead, according to current studies, Blood pressure and covid-19 may put you at risk for serious illness, according to the CDC.
Who is at a high risk of developing a serious disease right now?
The following are proven risk factors for severe Blood pressure and covid-19 disease, according to the CDC:
- advancing years
- Chronic kidney disease is a condition that affects the kidneys
- COPD stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- coronary artery disease (CAD) is a kind of cardiovascular illness.
- failure of the heart
- hypertension of the lungs
- sickle cell anemia (SCA)
- diabetes type 2
- an immune system that has been impaired as a result of an organ transplant
Should you continue to take your BP medication when you have Blood pressure with covid-19?
People with high blood pressure have been prescribed a variety of medications. The following are a few instances, however, they are not exhaustive:
- Inhibitor of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)
- Blockers of the angiotensin II receptor (ARBs)
- Calcium channel blockers are drugs that prevent calcium channels from opening
You may have heard of the dangers of two of these medicines, ACE inhibitors, and ARBs, as well as the risk of Blood pressure and covid-19. The fact that these medicines may raise the quantity of ACE2 in your body is the source of these concerns. The novel coronavirus interacts with the ACE2 receptor.
As a result, various investigations have focused on these medication classes and the risk of Blood pressure and covid-19. There appears to be little data to back up the worries about ACE inhibitors, ARBs, and COVID-19 so far.
Let’s take a look at what we’ve learned so far:
- There was no link between using ACE inhibitors or ARBs and getting a positive COVID-19 test, according to research published in JAMA Cardiology that included almost 18,000 participants with verified COVID-19.
- ACE inhibitors and ARBs were not linked to the likelihood of obtaining COVID-19 or having severe COVID-19 disease, according to two studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
- The Journal of Infectious Diseases has published a study of those hospitalized with COVID-19 that revealed that continuing ACE inhibitors and ARBs during hospitalization may actually enhance outcomes.
Guidance at the moment
During the COVID-19 epidemic, the American Heart Association, Heart Failure Society of America, and American College of Cardiology issued a joint statement Trusted Source addressing the use of ACE inhibitors and ARBs.
You should continue to take ACE inhibitors and ARBs for the time being. If you test positive for COVID-19, your doctor should assess your situation before prescribing or discontinuing any Blood pressure and covid-19 drugs.
The CDC also advises maintaining a 30-day supply of any drugs you use, particularly those for diseases like high blood pressure and high cholesterol, on hand.
Don’t hesitate to chat with your doctor if you have high blood pressure and have questions regarding your meds or Blood pressure and covid-19. They can assist you in addressing your problems and providing advice.
What should you do if you test positive for COVID-19?
Take the following five actions if you have Blood pressure and covid-19:
- Self-isolate. Remain at home. Only take a break to seek medical attention. If you have additional people in the house, attempt to have a separate bedroom and bathroom. If you must be with others, hide your face.
- Make an appointment with your physician. Make an appointment with your physician for a consultation. During the epidemic, several doctors are providing telemedicine appointments instead of in-person sessions.
- Seek advice. Inform your doctor about your positive test result as well as any symptoms you’re having. They’ll give you advice on how to take your blood pressure medicine and how to look for yourself while you’re recovering.
- Take care of yourself. As you heal, follow your doctor’s instructions to the letter. In addition to taking your meds, it’s critical to stick to your doctor’s recommendations for things like food and exercise.
- Keep an eye on the signs and symptoms. Keep a record of your signs and symptoms. If they start to grow worse, don’t hesitate to seek emergency treatment.
What to do if you have a minor case of COVID-19?
COVID-19 has no particular therapy at the moment. However, there are several things you may do to aid your recovery in moderate cases:
- To help your body battle the illness, get lots of rest.
- To avoid dehydration, drink plenty of water.
- To relieve symptoms like fever and aches and pains, take over-the-counter (OTC) drugs such acetaminophen (Tylenol).
Keep in mind that these guidelines are just for COVID-19 instances that may be treated at home. Seek emergency help if your symptoms are getting worse.
When should you get treatment for Blood pressure and covid-19?
There are various symptoms that indicate a serious COVID-19 infection. If you see any of the following signs, call 911 immediately and describe your situation:
- having difficulty breathing
- feeling long-term or severe discomfort or pressure in your chest
- you’ve noticed a blue tint to your lips, face, or nails
- being perplexed or disoriented
- you’re having difficulties waking up or staying awake
How to deal with Blood pressure and covid-19 epidemic?
Many individuals are worried about the COVID-19 epidemic. Those with high blood pressure, on the other hand, may have an additional load on both their physical and mental health as a result of the greater risk of more serious illness.
You may be wondering what you can do at this time to assist control your blood pressure, as well as your emotional and physical health. Try trying a few of the suggestions below:
- Choose meals that are good for your heart. Vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy, and meats like fish and chicken are just a few examples of heart-healthy foods to consider.
- Blood pressure-raising meals and beverages should be avoided or limited. Comfort foods may be enticing, but many of them are heavy in salt and fat and can contribute to high blood pressure. Caffeine and alcohol-containing foods and drinks can also elevate blood pressure.
- Continue to be active. Exercising is always beneficial to your health and may frequently improve your mood. It may also aid in the reduction of blood pressure.
- Keep an eye on your meds. You should be aware that several over-the-counter and prescription drugs might cause your blood pressure to rise. NSAIDs, birth control medications, and corticosteroids are just a few examples.
- Stop smoking. Smoking can raise blood pressure and increase the risk of heart disease. It’s difficult to stop smoking, but you’re not alone.
- Keep the news to a minimum. It’s alluring to keep up with the news. However, try to keep the number of times you refresh your news feed to a minimum, as this might lead to stress. When you do need to check the news, stick to reputable sources to avoid spreading false information.
- Keep yourself occupied. Keeping yourself engaged and sticking to a schedule might help you divert your attention away from current events. Work, school, or a pastime you like are all good methods to keep yourself occupied.
- Experiment with some stress-relieving practices. There are a variety of techniques that can assist you in managing your stress. Yoga, meditation, and breathing techniques are just a few examples.
- Keep in touch with others. You can still connect with others even if you’re physically apart. This may be accomplished through phone or video chats with friends and family, as well as online support forums.
The most important takeaways
It’s doubtful that having high blood pressure improves your chances of contracting COVID-19.
However, if you do get the virus and become unwell, it may increase your chance of serious disease. This is especially true if you aren’t using blood pressure medication to control your condition.
During the pandemic, it is suggested that patients with high blood pressure continue to use typical blood pressure drugs such as ACE inhibitors and ARBs. This is confirmed by studies that show these medicines do not raise the risk of COVID-19.
Isolate yourself and call your doctor if you fall unwell with COVID-19. Take their advice on how to take care of oneself. If you have symptoms such as difficulty breathing or chest discomfort, get immediate medical attention.
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