HealthoWealth has prepared this information for those who have just been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 1 (and of course also for their families). It’s only meant to be a starting point.
The folder is divided into two sections. First, a little theory, and a rundown of the history of diabetes mellitus type 1. Then there’s a comprehensive overview of the practice. What is about to take place.
What is diabetes mellitus type 1, and how does it affect you?
diabetes mellitus type 1 is a condition in which the blood glucose (sugar) level is excessively high. A high blood glucose level can be caused by a variety of factors. In truth, diabetes comes in a variety of ways.
Kind 1 diabetes is a type of diabetes that affects around 10% of all diabetics (about 100,000 people). It usually manifests itself as a kid or young adult, although it can also manifest itself at a far older age (>50 years) in rare circumstances. It all begins abruptly. Diabetes mellitus type 1 is unrelated to being overweight or not exercising enough.
How does diabetes mellitus type 1 manifest itself?
diabetes mellitus type 1 is an autoimmune illness. That is, the immune system of the body has a defect. The immune system in our blood protects us from dangerous germs and viruses from the outside world.
This procedure has most likely been going on without your knowledge for years. This is because insulin-producing cells have a lot of spare capacity. However, too little insulin is produced when too few cells are left. Insulin is critical for preventing dangerously high blood glucose levels.
It’s unclear why the immune system makes such a blunder. That is, without a doubt, a crucial question. Despite much inquiry, the solution to the issue has yet to be discovered. It is obvious that “your own fault” is not the case. People with diabetes mellitus type 1 frequently question what they did wrong initially. That is not the case; it is an (as of yet) inexplicable coincidence.
What do the terms “blood,” “glucose,” and “insulin” mean?
Our bodies, like cars, require gasoline to function as a source of energy. Carbohydrates and lipids in our diet provide us with this. Carbohydrates include not just sweet compounds like sugar, but also starch, which is found in foods like bread and potatoes. Carbohydrates are broken down into tiny sugars like glucose in the intestines. Glucose may then be taken into the bloodstream and used as an energy source by our bodies. Glucose is the primary fuel for our brains and muscles. If the body absorbs more glucose from the food than it needs, the extra glucose is kept as a reserve.
When you don’t eat for a long period of time, such as at night, the glucose from your reserve gets used again.
Because glucose is such a vital source of energy for the body, the blood glucose level is meticulously maintained. Approximately 4 to 10 mmol/l. When we get too little glucose, our brains, in particular, can no longer function effectively. However, too much glucose in the blood is also harmful. Insulin is the chemical that keeps everything in check.
Insulin is a hormone generated by beta cells in the pancreas. The beta cells constantly monitor the blood glucose level, also known as blood sugar. The beta cells produce insulin when blood sugar levels rise.
Insulin then guarantees that the glucose in the cells of the body may be utilized or saved as a reserve. Less insulin is produced when blood sugar levels drop, allowing glucose to be released from the reserves. It is, in reality, a control system comparable to central heating. The heating will turn on if it is too cold, and it will turn off again if it is too hot.
Similarly, beta cells are tasked with maintaining a consistent blood sugar level from minute to minute.
What are the symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1?
When there is a shortage of insulin, blood sugar levels rise. After all, the body can no longer utilize the glucose effectively, therefore it is released from the reserves needlessly. It builds up in the bloodstream. What do you think about that, though?
To begin with, I was exhausted. Despite the presence of a large amount of glucose in the blood, the cells lack fuel because of a lack of insulin to metabolize the glucose. This leads to exhaustion.
Also striking, a lot of urinating and a lot of drinking. A day’s worth of liters. Both during the day and at night what happened to cause that? In normal circumstances, there is no glucose in the urine. However, if blood sugar levels get too high, the kidneys excrete glucose through the urine. That isn’t visible in the pee. The surplus water in the body is drawn out by the glucose in the urine. You are on the verge of becoming dehydrated; you will experience thirst and will instinctively drink a lot.
It’s common in the early stages of diabetes mellitus type 1 for patients to lose weight quickly while eating properly.
Is that even possible? It’s partly due to fluid loss, but it’s also because a lot of glucose is wasted and fat tissue is burned down for energy.
Another common complaint is hazy vision. This isn’t permanent eye damage; it’s only a blip on the screen. The lenses in your eye are sensitive to fluid fluctuations in the body because of this.
Furthermore, innocuous fungal infections on the penis and surrounding the vagina are more common. Sometimes patients experience redness and irritation, which necessitates the use of a fungus-fighting ointment.
Occasionally, something unusual occurs: the air we breathe has a weird odor, similar to acetone. What happened to cause that?
Despite the fact that blood sugar levels are high, the body’s cells are starving for food owing to a shortage of insulin. As an additional source of energy, the body breaks down fat. Acetone is produced when there is a lot of fat breakdown. And it’s occasionally detectable in the air we breathe.
What is the best way to deal with diabetes mellitus type 1?
Insulin deficiency is a problem in diabetes mellitus type 1. As a result, the therapy entails the administration of insulin. Insulin is really important. As a diabetes mellitus type 1 patient, it’s risky not to utilize insulin. Insulin is a unique medication. There are a few things that make it more challenging.
Despite the fact that blood sugar levels are high, due to a lack of insulin, the body’s cells are hungry. Fat is broken down by the body as an extra source of energy. When there is a lot of fat breakdown, acetone is formed. It’s also sometimes noticeable in the air we breathe.
Insulin must be administered. Tablets are used by people with other types of diabetes, such as type 2 diabetes, however, they are ineffective for those with diabetes mellitus type 1.
With diabetes mellitus type 1, not everyone requires the same quantity of insulin. Some people use a lot of insulin, while others require very little. But that’s beside the point. It does not imply that you can know whether your diabetes mellitus type 1 is severe or mild based on the amount of insulin you have. It doesn’t matter how much insulin you use; what matters is if your blood sugar levels return to normal.
It’s also not true that someone with diabetes mellitus type 1 needs the same quantity of insulin every day and every time.
It depends on what is eaten, how much physical activity is done, and a variety of other factors.
Furthermore, there are several kinds of insulin. Insulin takes a long time to work and insulin takes a short time to work. Short-acting insulin is given with meals and is designed to help the body metabolize carbs. Once a day, long-acting insulin is administered, generally at sleep. Long-acting insulin operates for around 24 hours and, in a sense, brings insulin to a halt. Insulin is required by the body 24 hours a day, including when it is not eaten, such as at night.
In the near future, the diabetic nurse and doctor will collaborate with you to create a type of insulin regimen.
how much insulin (and what sort of insulin) you’ll require on average with each meal and before bed and, more importantly, how you may alter the quantity of insulin based on your daily circumstances and self-measured blood sugar levels.
Is it also necessary for someone with diabetes mellitus type 1 to follow a diet?
When it comes to diabetes mellitus type 1, nutrition is crucial. However, it is a common misperception that there is a diabetic diet. It isn’t a sugar-free diet by any means. It is also unnecessary to purchase ostensibly diabetic-friendly diet products.
What important is that you eventually have a better understanding of what you eat and how much carbs you consume at each meal (and in between). Because adjusting the quantity of meal insulin is crucial.
The nutritionist will lead you in the right direction. Then it will be about everything to do with food and drink, including chips, pastries, candies, soft drinks, alcohol, and all the munchies in between. Also, whether eating out or on vacation overseas.
And what about the insulin injections and blood sugar pricking?
It’s unavoidable that you’ll pick up two new skills. The first is to inject insulin into one’s own body. Just beneath the skin of the thighs or abdomen.
Insulin injection pens that are simple to use. The injection needle is so tiny that the puncture is scarcely noticeable.
Second, take your blood sugar reading. You give yourself a poke in the fingertip with a lancing instrument. It’s only a smidgeon of blood. That blood drop keeps you near to a glucose strip for your blood glucose meter. After a few seconds, the blood glucose meter will display the blood glucose measurement.
Why are blood sugar levels so crucial if I’m feeling good despite diabetes mellitus type 1?
Once insulin treatment is started, the symptoms that were present at the start quickly go away. People with diabetes mellitus type 1 regain their health and return to normalcy. However, this does not imply that blood sugar levels are back to normal. You can, for example, stroll around with blood sugar levels between 10 and 15 without even realizing it.
Is diabetes mellitus type 1 a terrible thing? haven’t you got a clue what’s going on with diabetes mellitus type 1?
That is inconvenient and has to do with the long-term effects of diabetes mellitus type 1. diabetes mellitus type 1 is well-known for the long-term harm it can cause to too many organs. It is possible that the retina of the eyes will be compromised. Kidney injury is a major possibility.
The nerves and blood vessels in the legs are also affected. diabetes mellitus type 1 also raises the risk of heart disease and stroke.
As a result, the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 1 is primarily focused on reducing the likelihood of such harm. Years of excessive blood sugar levels have been proven to be the source of this harm. It’s also been proven that striving for lower blood sugar levels, or values similar to normal will considerably lessen the chance of harm. Even if you don’t feel high blood sugar levels, it’s critical to do everything you can to prevent them in the future.
Is it possible to have excessively low blood sugar and diabetes mellitus type 1?
Yes. Blood sugar levels should be between 4 and 10 mmol/l. Because taking just the proper quantity of insulin may be so difficult, it’s not uncommon for a little too much insulin to be injected into the body, causing the glucose to drop below 4 mmol/l. This is referred to as a “hypo.” You will be aware of this as soon as it occurs. It causes hunger, sweating, shaking, and other unpleasant symptoms. You should consume carbs right away, such as Dextropur sugar pills, or sweet lemonade. As a result, blood sugar levels quickly return to normal, and the complaints go away within five to ten minutes.
What will my everyday life be like now that I have diabetes mellitus type 1?
There are times during the day when you must constantly do something. Every single time. Every single day. These are the periods when you need to inject short-acting insulin before meals (before breakfast, lunch, and supper). And it’s usually right before bedtime when you have to inject long-acting insulin.
You must perform two things before administering short-acting insulin before a meal. First, decide what you’re going to do. will you eat the same amount of carbohydrates as usual?
If it’s higher or lower, the insulin dose must be adjusted correspondingly. Even if you want to exercise vigorously after eating, the quantity of insulin in your system must be considered. Second, you take a blood sugar reading. It’s a good idea to alter your insulin dose if your blood sugar level is clearly too high or too low.
These four steps take only a few minutes. It only took a few minutes each time. However, it is unlikely that you will be able to entirely forget about diabetes mellitus type 1 for the remainder of the day. If you want to eat or drink anything in between, or if you suddenly want to undertake a lot of physical labor, you should constantly think about how it will affect your blood sugar.
It may appear to be difficult. And it’s only the start. In practice, though, it appears that anyone can learn it. With the help of a dietician, a diabetic nurse, and a physician. After a while, you’ll notice that you’re getting better at diabetes mellitus type 1.
What’s next for diabetes mellitus type 1?
With diabetes mellitus type 1, you can do practically everything you used to be able to accomplish. Your studies, employment, and home are all important to you. Your pastimes, sports, outings, and vacations. Keep in mind, however, that some of these activities may have an impact on your diabetes mellitus type 1. Of course, no two people are alike. People occasionally have unusual jobs, odd schedules, or unusual hobbies. Then we’ll talk about how to change diabetic therapy properly.
How often must I visit the hospital if I have diabetes mellitus type 1?
Fortunately, persons with diabetes mellitus type 1 no longer need to be hospitalized very often. This only occurs when the symptoms are quite severe. Most of the time, the therapy may be begun at an outpatient clinic.
diabetes mellitus type 1 research will first take place in an outpatient clinic, where you will be given detailed instructions on insulin injections and blood sugar management. The dietician will also go through as many carbs as feasible in the diet with you.
Once a year, you should go to the doctor for a so-called periodic examination if you have diabetes mellitus type 1.
It includes blood and urine tests, as well as images of the retina of the eyes (this requires that you receive eye drops shortly before to widen the pupil of the eye). The doctor will examine your blood pressure and feet, among other things, during the consultation. The investigation’s goal is to discover potential damage as soon as feasible, even if no complaints have been filed. There are a lot of therapy alternatives available to avoid genuine harm with real major complaints if the damage is already there and unrecognized.
Is it true that there is no cure for diabetes mellitus type 1?
No, not for the time being. After all, diabetes mellitus type 1 has killed the bulk of insulin-producing beta cells. They are unable to recuperate. There is a lot of research being done all around the world to see whether there is a way to treat diabetes mellitus type 1. Transplantation, artificial pancreas, stem cells, and similar procedures are all possible. However, they are far from being practical, but they may be in the future. It’s a rude awakening to discover you have diabetes and that it’s not going away. People sometimes get the impression that the world, including their future, is falling around them. However, examine what has previously been stated.
To begin with, the signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1 (drinking, urination, weariness, weight loss, and impaired eyesight) will fade away with time. After commencing medication, people with diabetes mellitus type 1 feel normal, not unwell. They can also attend school, study, work, take care of the house, participate in sports, take vacations, and go out. And, of course, they will have children and become old. diabetes mellitus type 1, on the other hand, does not go away; it must constantly be considered.
Do I now have a complete understanding of diabetes mellitus type 1?
New. There are simply a few necessities in this folder. To start with. Furthermore, you cannot acquire practical skills from a folder; you must learn them by experience.
You’ll notice that you’re not just injecting insulin in your regular life, but you’re also thinking about how much insulin to inject, diet, physical effort, and other factors.
So that you can keep your blood sugar under control as much as possible. That still appears to be a challenging task. But in the next weeks and months, you’ll be putting it into practice.
If, after reading the article “Diabetes mellitus type 1 is the most common type of diabetes“, you liked it and became interested in studying in other fields of health and medicine, we suggest you read the following articles from the category diabetes on our website.
- what is Diabetes?
- Diabetes questions and answers
- Can diabetes go away
- which diabetes is worse
- Diabetes and eye health