The Blood pressure during pregnancy should be kept within normal limits. Blood pressure that is too high or too low requires medical care.
A healthy person should have a blood pressure value of less than 120/80 millimeters of mercury, according to the American Heart Association (AHA) Trusted Source (mm HG).
When the heart contracts, the top number, or systolic, measures blood pressure. When the heart is between beats, the lower value, or diastolic, measures blood pressure.
Blood pressure in a pregnant woman should be less than 120/80 mm Hg, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).
A pregnant woman could have high blood pressure during pregnancy. If you have high blood pressure during pregnancy, it might mean you’re at risk for serious problems like preeclampsia.
Blood pressure during pregnancy should be monitored and managed and HealthOwealth will show you how to control it.
High blood pressure during pregnancy
With each beating, the blood exerts a certain amount of pressure against the walls of the blood arteries. Blood pressure during pregnancy can rise to dangerously high levels, known as hypertension. This occurs when the blood exerts greater than normal pressure on the arterial walls.
People with untreated high blood pressure are more likely to have a heart attack, stroke, or other health problems, such as renal disease, according to the AHA Trusted Source.
High blood pressure during pregnancy is referred to as gestational hypertension. Gestational hypertension develops when a woman’s blood pressure remains within normal limits for the first 20 weeks of pregnancy, but then rises to 140/90 mm Hg or higher in the second half.
Factors that are at risk when you have blood pressure during pregnancy
Experts aren’t sure what causes gestational hypertension, but some hospitals lists a few possible risk factors:
- suffering from kidney illness
- having diabetes
- having a history of high blood pressure
- being younger than 20 or older than 40
- being of African American heritage
- experiencing a significant blood pressure background
- having a number of pregnancies
Hypertension usually goes away after birth.
According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, gestational hypertension can cause or raise the risk of complications such as:
- Preeclampsia and associated hypertension diseases of pregnancy usually develop after the 20th week of pregnancy and can result in liver, kidney, and other organ issues, as well as preterm birth.
- Fetal growth restriction is a disorder in which a shortage of nutrients and oxygen causes the baby to be born with reduced weight.
- Cesarean section
- Stillbirth due to placental abruption, which happens when the placenta separates from the uterine wall.
A pregnant woman who has blood pressure during pregnancy should consult their doctor or midwife. Their provider will most likely keep a close eye on them and the fetus during the pregnancy to ensure their safety.
High blood pressure during pregnancy can sometimes go undetected. If you have high Blood pressure during pregnancy as a result of preeclampsia, you may have the following symptoms:
- swollen parts of the body, notably the hands and face
- a headache that is not relieved by medicine
- quick gaining of weight
- Only able to produce modest quantities of urine
- disruptions in vision
- After the 20th week of pregnancy, nausea or vomiting develops or intensifies.
- alterations in eyesight
- ache in the upper right side of the abdomen or towards the stomach
Pregnancy-related low blood pressure
According to the American Heart Association, the first 24 weeks of pregnancy are a risk factor for having low blood pressure. It can cause a number of side effects, including:
- eyesight problems
- an inability to focus
- skin that is chilly or clammy
- breathing quickly
Healthy blood pressure for most persons is less than 120/80 mm Hg. When blood pressure falls below 90/60 mm Hg, it is referred to as hypotension.
Although some people have naturally low blood pressure, a rapid reduction in blood pressure might create symptoms.
If you have Blood pressure during pregnancy when should you see a doctor?
Anyone who is pregnant and has concerns about their health or the development of the fetus should speak with or see their doctor or midwife.
People who have high Blood pressure during pregnancy or are at risk of developing high blood pressure should have a home blood pressure monitor.
The finest blood pressure cuffs to use are likely to be recommended by a healthcare practitioner.
Contact a healthcare practitioner if your blood pressure is too high or too low as determined by home monitoring.
Pregnant women who show signs or symptoms of preeclampsia should seek medical help right once.
How to Take Care of Your Blood pressure during pregnancy
A pregnant woman can safely maintain her Blood pressure during pregnancy in numerous ways. A person can take the following measures, according to March of Dimes:
- Every day, take a blood pressure medicine that has been authorized by the FDA.
- At-home blood pressure monitor
- Consume nutrient-dense meals while avoiding salt, processed foods, and added sugars.
- Attend all medical appointments
- Drinking, smoking, and recreational drug usage should all be avoided.
- Unless otherwise directed, remain active by walking or doing other activities.
Women with high blood pressure during pregnancy should follow their healthcare provider’s advice to the letter. If they notice any changes in their blood pressure or mood, they should contact their doctor or midwife.
Preventing hypertension (high blood pressure) and hypotension (low blood pressure)
Although it is not always feasible to prevent high blood pressure, a person can take efforts before and throughout pregnancy to keep their Blood pressure during pregnancy at normal ranges.
To avoid high blood pressure, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Trusted Source recommends taking the following steps:
- prior to conception, discussing any current medical conditions with a healthcare professional
- difficulties with health and drugs
- obtaining prenatal care on a frequent and early basis
- ensuring that all drugs are safe to use while pregnant
- consuming nutritious foods
- regular physical activity
If a pregnant woman exhibits symptoms of low blood pressure, she should consult with her healthcare professional to determine the best course of action.
The following are some general therapy options for a person with low Blood pressure during pregnancy:
- Increasing the sodium content of one’s diet
- fluids are being increased
- exercising with a modest to moderate intensity
- Slowly rise from a seated or sleeping posture.
- abstaining from booze
final Notes about Blood pressure during pregnancy
Blood pressure during pregnancy should remain normal. Women who have had high blood pressure before had multiples, or have other risk factors are more likely to develop high blood pressure later in pregnancy.
High blood pressure is linked to significant pregnancy problems such as preeclampsia and other hypertensive illnesses.
If a person’s blood pressure rises or falls too low, they should consult their healthcare professional to identify the best course of action.
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