Because blood pressure is such an essential health indicator, many doctors recommend that you monitor it at home as you become older. But it’s pointless to do so if you don’t understand other ways, read the readings of healthowealth to know how to collect them appropriately.
What Is Blood pressure normal range?
The force that propels blood through arteries when the heartbeats, giving oxygen and nutrients to organs and tissues all over the body, is known as blood pressure. For your organs to function properly and avoid injury, you need a normal blood pressure measurement.
Blood pressure levels might fluctuate depending on age, health, and other lifestyle variables. It’s crucial to keep an eye on these figures because fast rises or dips in blood pressure especially when it stays high or low for a lengthy period of time can indicate poor health and lead to major health effects, including an increased chance of early death.
An at-home blood pressure monitor is one way to simply keep track of your Blood pressure normal range.
Despite the fact that many at-home monitors include features that make it simple to interpret your readings, it’s critical to know what your blood pressure numbers imply and which ones suggest a normal vs high level.
What Do Blood Pressure Readings Indicate?
The top number, systolic blood pressure, and the bottom number, diastolic blood pressure, are the two values that make up a blood pressure measurement and Blood pressure normal range.
Blood Pressure Systolic
The amount of pressure your blood exerts on your artery walls is measured by your systolic blood pressure. According to Ian Del Conde Pozzi, M.D., a cardiologist and vascular medicine expert at the Miami Cardiac & Vascular Institute, “the pressure within our arteries fluctuates with every heartbeat.” When the heart beats faster, more blood is pumped into the circulatory system, raising the pressure. The rise in systolic blood pressure is measured.
Blood Pressure Diastolic
According to Dr. Pozzi, diastolic pressure monitors the pressure inside the system while the heart is at rest. Diastolic blood pressure is the lowest pressure between heartbeats when the heart relaxes slightly, whereas systolic blood pressure is the highest pressure during a heartbeat.
Blood pressure normal range level
Blood pressure normal range “indicates that the heart and blood arteries are not working too hard pumping blood and that the blood is not putting too much pressure on the channel walls,” says Aseem Desai, M.D., a cardiologist at Providence Mission Hospital in Southern California. According to recent statistics from the American Heart Association, the ideal normal blood pressure value for persons over 20 is less than 120/80 mmHg.
Blood pressure’s normal range can fluctuate based on a person’s age, gender, race, and ethnicity, but it should still be within the normal range, according to Dr. Desai. “The target blood pressure for therapy changes based on age (e.g. if someone is deemed old) and related co-morbidities (e.g. diabetes,” says Dr. Desai).
Previously, the Blood pressure normal range for people varied by gender and age, but new research shows that the Blood pressure normal range for adults as a whole is less than 120/80 mmHg.
He adds that the causes of this disparity might vary from inadequate insurance coverage and limited access to healthcare to gaps in the usage of pharmaceuticals to treat different illnesses, with “lower compliance in particular populations.”
“There is increasing evidence for the risk of cardiovascular disease in women with blood pressures lower than what is considered Blood pressure normal range,” says Jennifer Wong, M.D., medical director of non-invasive cardiology at MemorialCare Heart and Vascular Institute at Orange Coast Medical Center in Fountain Valley, California.
“An observational research published in Circulation earlier this year revealed an elevated risk of myocardial infarction and heart failure in women with systolic blood pressures more than 110 mmHg,” Dr. Wong explains “The increased risk is equivalent to males with greater blood pressure thresholds.”
Chart of Blood Pressure
Blood pressure normal range is divided into five phases, with four distinct stages of hypertension ranging from extremely manageable to urgent.
Blood pressure normal range is defined as having a systolic pressure of 90 to 120 and a diastolic pressure of 60 to 80, according to Dr. Wong. Low blood pressure is defined as a systolic value of less than 90.
A blood pressure measurement of 120 to 129 systolic and less than 80 diastolic indicates high blood pressure and, as a result, an increased risk of hypertension.
“As blood pressure rises, the heart and arteries are put under more strain,” adds Dr. Desai. “As a result, the heart muscle thickens (hypertrophy), which might lead to cardiac failure.” It also causes micro-tears in the arterial wall, which leads to cholesterol accumulation (atherosclerosis). This causes the artery to constrict and blood pressure to rise even higher.”
Stage 1 hypertension
A systolic measurement of 130 to 139 and a diastolic reading of 80 to 89 are considered Stage I hypertension.
While doctors initially recommend a healthier lifestyle—eating more vegetables and whole grains, using less salt, increasing physical activity, and managing stress—medications may be required if blood pressure falls in this range on multiple readings over time in people with other cardiovascular risk factors, according to Dr. Wong.
Adults with Hypertension Stage I should consider medication after three to six months of nonpharmacologic treatment, according to 2017 ACC/AHA recommendations.
If it isn’t addressed, it can lead to atherosclerosis, which is a thickening or hardening of the arteries caused by an accumulation of plaque in the inner lining of the artery. High cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, obesity, physical activity, and saturated fat consumption are all risk factors for atherosclerosis.
Stage 2 hypertension
A systolic measurement of at least 140 and a diastolic value of at least 90 characterize hypertension Stage II. According to Dr. Wong, it’s usually treated with a combination of drugs and a healthy lifestyle prescription. Nonetheless, this stage of hypertension is more dangerous than the previous one and should be closely monitored.
When the systolic blood pressure reading surpasses 180 and the diastolic blood pressure reading exceeds 120, a hypertensive crisis ensues. If you have signs of stroke, headache, vision changes, dizziness, chest discomfort, or shortness of breath, you should seek emergency care right away.
How Do You Measure Your Blood pressure normal range?
A wrist blood pressure monitor or an upper arm cuff blood pressure monitor can be used to take your blood pressure at home. Upper arm cuffs are often recommended by experts since they are the most accurate. A manual or digital monitor can be found on the upper arm cuffs. Both function well, but if you’re going to be taking your blood pressure on a regular basis, a digital one will be the most convenient.
Start by sitting quietly in an upright position for a few minutes to enable your body to relax before taking your blood pressure using a digital upper arm cuff. Make sure your legs and ankles aren’t crossed, and that your back is supported comfortably.
Place your arm next to the monitor on a table in front of you, at roughly heart level, and wrap the cuff around your naked upper arm about one inch above your elbow. Only a fingertip should be able to slide beneath the upper border of the cuff.
Simply switch on the monitor, press the start button, and take regular breaths as the cuff inflates and deflates, measuring your Blood pressure in a normal range and displaying it on the screen.
High Blood Pressure (HBP)
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, high blood pressure is defined as systolic readings of at least 130 mmHg and diastolic readings of at least 80 mmHg (CDC). High blood pressure affects 116 million individuals in the United States as of 2021.
High Blood Pressure: What Causes It?
High blood pressure, sometimes known as hypertension, has a variety of causes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it develops over time and is frequently caused by bad lifestyle choices.
“Some patients develop hypertension as a result of an underlying ailment such kidney disease, adrenal gland tumors, or thyroid abnormalities,” adds Dr. Wong. Other factors, including pregnancy, diabetes, and obesity, might raise your risk.
“Some drugs, such as birth control pills, some decongestants, and even some over-the-counter pain killers, might cause high blood pressure in some people,” explains Wong. “Illicit substances like cocaine and amphetamines can cause blood pressure to rise.”
High blood pressure is a very prevalent condition. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, 45.5 percent of individuals in the United States have hypertension.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
Because it usually has no symptoms, high blood pressure is regarded as “the silent killer.” Most people are unaware that they have hypertension until their blood pressure is checked.
“Symptoms don’t appear until the levels are really high and organs are irreparably destroyed,” explains Dr. Desai.
If you have severe hypertension, you may have the following symptoms, which were described by patients in a British Journal of General Practice study:
- Breathing problems
- Pains in the chest
- Changes in appearance
- Urine with blood
- Mood swings
Treatment for Hypertension
“A healthy lifestyle can help avoid some of the harm that hypertension can do, as well as assist decrease blood pressure to a degree,” Dr. Wong explains. He suggests:
- Limit your daily salt consumption to 2.3 grams.
- 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise each week
- Limiting the amount of alcohol you consume.
- According to Dr. Wong, following the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet can help lower blood pressure. Vegetables, fruits, low-fat dairy products, whole grains, chicken, fish, and nuts are all part of this diet. Sweets, sugar-sweetened drinks, and red meats are all avoided.
- Using stress management techniques such as meditation.
- Getting rid of your overall body fat.
- Managing linked medical disorders, such as diabetes, appropriately.
High Blood Pressure Side Effects
“Stroke, heart attack, heart failure, eyesight loss, kidney failure, vascular dementia, and sexual dysfunction are all risks of uncontrolled high blood pressure,” adds Dr. Desai. It’s one of the leading causes of atrial fibrillation, the most prevalent kind of heart rhythm abnormality that can lead to stroke, heart failure, and a lower quality of life.
Blood Pressure is Too Low!
While hypertension is harmful to your general health, blood pressure that is too low can be dangerous as well. However, the American Heart Association does not consider a single daily blood pressure result to be “too low.” Instead, it’s a question of determining what symptoms you may be experiencing as a result of low blood pressure, how these symptoms influence you, and how to deal with them.
What Causes Low Blood Pressure?
According to both Dr. Wong and Dr. Desai, there are a variety of reasons for low blood pressure, including:
- Cardiac issues such as heart failure or low heart rates are common.
- Parathyroid illness, adrenal insufficiency, and hypoglycemia are examples of endocrine disorders.
- Severe infection causes sepsis.
- Medications for high blood pressure, prostatic hypertrophy, Parkinson’s disease, depression, and erectile dysfunction might have negative side effects.
- Significant weight reduction
- Anemia or blood loss
Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure
Symptoms of low blood pressure include:
- Lightheadedness or dizziness
- Inability to concentrate
- Vision is hazy.
- Skin that is cold and clammy.
- Breathing that is quick and shallow.
- Heart rate that is quite fast.
Treatment for low blood pressure
The reason for low blood pressure affects the treatment. “If certain drugs are contributing to the low blood pressure, they may need to be changed or withdrawn,” adds Dr. Wong. “Sometimes pharmaceutical therapy, as well as certain lifestyle changes, might be beneficial.”
Low Blood Pressure Side Effects
Low blood pressure isn’t talked about as often as high blood pressure, yet it has to be handled since persistent low blood pressure can harm your organs.
According to Dr. Wong, “a certain level of blood pressure is required to ensure blood flow to the organs.” “These organs receive oxygen and nourishment from the blood. If your blood pressure is too low, you won’t be able to get enough blood to these organs.
Blood Pressure vs. Heart Rate
The power that propels blood through your blood vessels is measured by blood pressure, whereas your heart rate is the number of times your heart beats each minute. They’re also significant health indicators, but they’re monitored separately and don’t always rise or fall at the same time.
Temporary increases in heart rate, such as those seen during exercise, are not considered harmful. In reality, your heart rate is meant to increase during physical exercise and then return to normal afterward. And the more intensely you labor, the higher your heart rate is likely to climb during exercise. When you exercise, your heart rate can safely double as long as it returns to its resting rate quickly after you finish.
Significant rises in blood pressure, on the other hand, are not within the Blood pressure normal range and should be closely watched and discussed with your doctor.
Blood Pressure Cuff and Monitor
The terms “blood pressure monitor” and “blood pressure cuff” are commonly used interchangeably to refer to the same blood pressure measuring device. The blood pressure cuff is the component that measures blood pressure by wrapping it around the upper arm, wrist, or finger. The blood pressure monitor is in charge of inflating and deflating the cuff as well as presenting an easy-to-read display of your blood pressure measurement.
For at-home readings, most experts advocate using a blood pressure monitor with an upper arm blood pressure cuff since they are more accurate than wrist blood pressure cuffs.
When Should You Contact Your Doctor?
Because of the dangers of both high and low blood pressure, it is critical to monitor your blood pressure at home for your general health and well-being. If your self-monitored blood pressure readings are more than 180/120 mmHg, both Dr. Wong and Dr. Desai recommend calling your healthcare professional, even if you have no other symptoms.
“If these blood pressure values are linked with signs of organ damage, such as headache, visual abnormalities, weakness, numbness, chest discomfort, or shortness of breath, you should contact 911,” Dr. Wong advises.
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