Oral cancer is defined as any abnormal cell development and dissemination in the mouth. Here in HealthoWealth Learn more about the different types of oral cancer, the risk factors, and how to prevent it.
Types of oral cancer
Mouth cancer can spread throughout many areas of the mouth. These include the following:
- salivary glands
- back of the throat
- roof and floor of the mouth
- inside of the lips and cheek
- oropharynx (made up of the tongue, soft palate, tonsils, and middle part of the pharynx)
Signs and symptoms of oral cancer
Oral cancer is defined as any abnormal cell development and dissemination in the mouth. If you have any of the following symptoms, see oral health or other health experts right away:
- mouth bleeds for no apparent reason
- Taste or tongue sensation changes
- lumps on the mouth, tongue, or neck
- oral ulcers or spots that do not heal
- lumps in the mouth, or changes in the texture or color of the tissues
- a chronic painful throat and/or difficulties swallowing
- Patches of dark red or white on the mouth, lips, or tongue
oral cancer Risk factors
In the following, you will be informed about the risk factors for oral cancer:
Oral cancer can strike anyone at any age, but those over 45 are at a higher risk. Mouth cancer is most common in people over the age of 60.
Oral cancer is increased by smoking or using tobacco products, especially when accompanied by heavy drinking. Products containing tobacco include:
- tobacco chewing
- Tobacco without smoke
- the areca nut
- betel quid
Mouth-related cancers are linked to the amount of alcohol ingested and the length of time it is drunk.
More research is being done to link HPV infection to oral malignancies. The HPV vaccine can protect you from infection, but only if you haven’t been exposed to it before.
Mouth cancer is more common in men than it is in women. In the past, men had a 6 to 1 incidence of mouth cancer as compared to women. However, the gap is closing, and the ratio is currently closer to 2 to 1.
Mouth cancer is more likely if you eat a diet low in fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables are thought to contain a preventive effect that lowers the incidence of mouth cancer.
Poor oral health
According to studies, mouth cancer is more likely in persons who have poor oral health.
People who spend a lot of time in the sun are more likely to acquire lip cancer.
oral cancer Prevention
Prevention is crucial. You should do the following to help avoid mouth cancer:
- Brush and floss your teeth on a regular basis.
- For a regular checkup and cleaning, see an oral health specialist.
- When you’re outside and exposed to the sun, use a lip balm with UV protection.
- If you are sexually active, use a condom to help minimize your chance of HPV infection.
- Eat a variety of healthful foods every day, including plenty of vegetables and fruits, according to Canada’s dietary guide.
- minimize your alcohol intake.
- You can reduce your risk of mouth cancer by eliminating (or reducing) your alcohol consumption.
- Tobacco products and smoking should be avoided.
- Quitting (or cutting back) on cigarettes reduces your chances of acquiring mouth cancer.
Early detection of oral cancer
If found early enough, mouth cancer can often be successfully treated. Cancer can spread to other places of the body if not treated early. It becomes more difficult to treat at this point.
Understanding your mouth cancer risk is crucial to preventing it. To detect oral cancer early, have a routine mouth cancer screening performed by an oral health expert or another health professional.
Oral cancer self-assessment quiz
The quiz is designed to help you determine your personal risk of having mouth cancer. Knowing you’re at higher risk can help you devise a strategy for making healthier choices.
Answer ‘yes’ or ‘no’ to each of the following questions.
- Are you over the age of 45?
- Are you Male?
- Do you have oral HPV?
- Are you sexually active and not regularly tested for sexually transmitted infections?
- Do you use tobacco products?
- Do you drink a lot of alcohol and have you done so consistently for a long period of time?
- Are your lips exposed to the sun on a regular basis, without protection?
- Is your diet low in fruits and vegetables?
The higher the number of risk factors you answered “yes” to in the questionnaire, the greater your chance of acquiring mouth cancer.
Take a few moments to examine your mouth for oral cancer signs and symptoms. Contact an oral health professional or another healthcare professional immediately if you detect any of these signs or symptoms. Make an appointment with a dentist or medical clinic for an oral cancer screening.
Common myths about cancer of the mouth!
There are still a lot of misconceptions concerning oral cancer. A few of the most common myths:
- Oral cancer is only a threat to persons who smoke or drink a lot of alcohol, or both.
- People who smoke and/or consume a lot of alcohol are at a higher risk. If you do both, the risk is significantly larger. Oral cancers affect around a quarter of people who don’t smoke or use alcohol.
- Oral cancer screening should be limited to older persons.
- Oral cancer can strike anyone at any time. Oral cancer incidence climbs sharply after 45 years of age and peaks at 60.
- Oral cancer has a lower incidence than certain other malignancies.
- In comparison to prostate, breast, and colorectal cancer, the number of new cases and deaths from mouth cancer is very modest. Despite this, it is over three times greater than cervical cancer and nearly twice as high as liver cancer.
If, after reading the article “Oral cancer “, you liked it and became interested in studying in other fields of health and medicine, we suggest you read the following articles from the category cancer on our website.
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- Cancer without weight loss
- Can cancer be detected in blood?