A cardiac tumor, such as angiosarcoma, or another disease that has grown to the heart causes heart cancer. Heart failure, pericarditis, and arrhythmias are all symptoms of this rare disease. Cancer can spread to the heart through the blood or from the organs (leukemia). Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery can all help to decrease or eliminate cardiac tumors, as well as relieve symptoms and perhaps extend life. HealthoWealth has gathered all the information you need to know about cardiac cancer.
What is heart cancer?
Heart cancer develops when unhealthy cells on or near the heart grow out of control. A tumor is formed by these cells. Cancer that begins in the heart is known as primary heart cancer. This particular type of heart cancer is relatively uncommon.
When cancer cells from another organ migrate to the heart, cardiac cancer is more likely to develop. For instance, lung cancer can spread to the heart, causing secondary heart cancer. Cancer that has spread across the entire body is known as metastatic cancer.
How common is heart cancer?
Only about 2 people out of 100,000 are diagnosed with primary heart cancer each year. tumors are quite uncommon. Eight out of ten cardiac tumors are benign, according to estimates (not cancer).
Why is heart cancer so rare?
The heart is made up of connective tissue and muscle cells that do not flip over very quickly, making it cancer-resistant. Cancer cells develop and multiply more rapidly in epithelial tissue, which turns over more quickly and is thus more susceptible to a mutation (mistake in replication) that can lead to cancer.
Most organs are lined with epithelial tissue. This tissue can also be found in the breasts. As a result, breast tissue, as well as organs including the colon, pancreas, lungs, and skin, is more prone to be damaged by cancer.
Who might get heart cancer?
Cardiac cancer can strike anyone at any time. Men between the ages of 30 and 50 are slightly more likely than women to develop the condition. Smokers and those with AIDS may be at an increased risk, but the research isn’t definitive.
What causes heart cancer?
9 out of 10 primary cardiac tumors in adults are caused by angiosarcoma, a rare kind of malignant (cancerous) soft tissue tumor. Angiosarcoma has no recognized origin, though radiation and some chemicals may have a role. Sarcoma malignant tumors in the heart and major vessels can also arise in other subtypes (aorta, pulmonary arteries).
Secondary cardiac cancer has a risk that is 30 to 40 times higher than original heart cancer. A damaged organ, such as the skin, lungs, or kidneys, can transfer metastatic cancer to the heart. Malignancies of the thymus gland in the chest, as well as cancers of the blood (leukemia) and lymphatic system, can spread it (lymphoma).
Is heart cancer inherited?
Multiple members of the same family can be affected by angiosarcomas of the heart. Scientists believe that certain people are predisposed to primary heart cancer due to their DNA, but the genetic basis of most cancers is still unknown.
A mutation (change) in a gene called protection of telomeres protein 1 could be the reason (POT1). This gene mutation can be passed down through the generations if a parent has it.
What are the symptoms of cardiac cancer?
One of the most prevalent indications of cardiac cancer is sudden, unexpected cardiac failure. If the tumor is pushing on a cardiac chamber or growing within the heart and disrupting valve function, you may have shortness of breath and acute exhaustion.
Other heart cancer symptoms include:
- Rapid heart rate or arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythm)
- Pain in the chest
During a normal imaging procedure such as an echocardiogram (heart ultrasound), CT scan, or MRI, many cardiac malignancies are detected by coincidence. Primary heart cancer may spread to other organs. It usually spreads through the nervous system, such as the spine or brain. It has the ability to move to the lungs as well.
Symptoms of cardiac cancer that has spread:
- Backachehe that persists
- Confusion or memory problems
- Coughing up blood
How is heart cancer diagnosed?
When investigating the reason for heart difficulties in persons with heart cancer, healthcare providers frequently identify the tumor.
You may be given one or more of the following tests:
- a full blood count (CBC)
- X-rays of the chest
- MRI or CT scan
- Electrocardiogram (EKG)
- Coronary angiography and cardiac catheterization
- Angiogram with computed tomography of the coronary arteries (CTA)
What are the complications of heart cancer?
Heart cancer impairs the function of your heart. It can lead to a slew of potentially fatal complications. You’re more likely to have a heart attack, stroke, or serious heart failure if you have a heart tumor.
A cardiac tumor’s little parts might break away and spread through the bloodstream. These fragments can become lodged in a blood artery, resulting in a blood clot that can cause a stroke in the brain or breathing issues in the lungs.
The pericardium, the sac that surrounds the heart, can be affected by heart cancer. A catheter (a long, thin tube) may be used to drain excess fluid and relieve pressure on the heart, as well as to transmit the cells in the fluid for diagnostic investigation. Pericardiocentesis is the name of the procedure.
How is heart cancer managed or treated?
A cardiac tumor can occasionally be shrunk and symptoms relieved with chemotherapy or radiation therapy (or a combination of the two). Your healthcare professional will treat primary cancer if it has gone to the heart.
Other treatment options are determined by the tumor’s location and size, as well as your overall health and age. Surgery to remove the tumor may be a possibility, and it has been shown to prolong life when it can be completely removed. These procedures can be rather complicated, so they’re best left to a specialist. You could potentially be eligible to participate in a clinical study to test out intriguing new therapies that are currently being developed.
How can I prevent heart cancer?
Experts are baffled as to why certain people develop this uncommon malignancy. Smoking causes a variety of cancers as well as heart disease. Your doctor can assist you in quitting smoking.
What is the prognosis for heart cancer patients?
There is no cure for heart cancer, and it is a challenging condition to treat. Heart cancer frequently returns after therapy and can spread to other regions of the body.
After a heart cancer diagnosis, patients can expect to live for around six months without surgery and more than a year if surgery is possible, with some patients living for many years after complete tumor removal. It’s crucial to note that scientists are still working on better ways to diagnose the disease early, modify existing treatments, and develop new ones.
When should I reach out to the doctor about heart cancer worries?
If you have any of the following symptoms, you should contact your healthcare provider:
- Changes in heart rate or rhythm
- Shortness of breath or chest pain
- Backachehe that persists
- Confusion or memory problems
- Coughing up blood
- Dizziness or fainting
What questions concerning heart cancer should I ask my doctor?
You might want to discuss the following with your doctor:
- Is it possible that I have a specific type of heart cancer?
- What treatments are available to help?
- How can I deal with the adverse effects of my treatment?
- Should I be on the lookout for signals of trouble?
A note from HealthoWealth
Due to the rarity of heart cancer, doctors may misdiagnose the source of cardiac issues. A cardiac tumor can be detected using specific diagnostic techniques. Your provider will continue to treat another cancer if it spreads to the heart. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery are common cancer therapies that can decrease or eliminate cardiac tumors and relieve symptoms. Researchers are looking for more effective treatments for this rare condition.
If, after reading the article “Heart cancer “, you liked it and became interested in studying in other fields of health and medicine, we suggest you read the following articles from the category cancer on our website.
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