Blood Pressure

high blood pressure during pregnancy

High blood pressure during pregnancy affects a tiny percentage of women in the United States at some time throughout their pregnancy. Some instances are minor, while others are severe. Treatment varies based on the kind you have and how far along in your pregnancy you are. You will be informed about this subject by HealthoWealth in this post.

High blood pressure forms

High blood pressure in pregnancy has three basic forms:

Chronic hypertension

This is the elevated blood pressure you had before becoming pregnant which is High blood pressure during pregnancy. It may also refer to elevated blood pressure that occurs before the 20th week of pregnancy. You may have had high blood pressure for a long time prior to getting pregnant but were unaware of it until your first prenatal visit with your doctor. Chronic hypertension can lead to significant complications, such as preeclampsia. This sort of high blood pressure persists after the birth of your child.

Pregnancy hypertension

This is High blood pressure during pregnancy occurs after the twentieth week of pregnancy. Most of the time, your hypertension will not harm you or your child. You may not experience any additional symptoms at all. However, this form of hypertension can be severe at times. It may result in your kid being born smaller than usual (have a low birth weight). As a result, your baby may be born prematurely. It can result in preeclampsia. While it normally goes away within three months of giving birth, it might increase your chances of developing high blood pressure later in life.

Preeclampsia

This is a dramatic increase in your blood pressure that occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy, usually in the third trimester. It may potentially harm your liver, kidneys, or brain. Seizures are possible. You may experience significant swelling in your legs, arms, and face. This is a severe condition. It can cause harm to both you and your baby, and it can even be fatal. After giving birth, some women develop preeclampsia. This is referred to as postpartum preeclampsia.

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High blood pressure during pregnancy can be harmful to both you and your baby in some situations.

  • It is possible that you will acquire gestational diabetes.
  • You may have issues with your heart or kidneys. You’re also more likely to have a stroke.
  • High blood pressure during pregnancy may hinder the placenta from receiving adequate oxygen and nutrients. (Your baby gets oxygen and nourishment from the placenta.) If the placenta does not receive enough blood, your baby will not receive enough oxygen and nourishment.
  • Low birth weight and early birth can result from this. Placental abruption can be caused by high blood pressure. The placenta separates from the uterus at this point. This might be a potentially fatal condition for both you and your baby.

High blood pressure symptoms during pregnancy

High blood pressure symptoms during pregnancy
High blood pressure symptoms during pregnancy

Look out for these signs. Keep in mind for High blood pressure in pregnancy, however, some of these symptoms are typical among pregnant women and do not always indicate a problem. Discuss all of your symptoms with your doctor.

  • Constant migraine
  • Modifications to your eyesight
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Your hands and cheeks will swell.
  • Urine levels are low or non-existent.

What factors contribute to high blood pressure and pregnancy?

Some pregnant women are at an increased risk of developing High blood pressure during pregnancy. Among these are ladies who:

  • They are expecting their first child.
  • Have a mother or sibling who suffered from high blood pressure when pregnant.
  • Are you expecting several children? (twins, triplets).
  • Are over the age of 40.
  • Are of African descent.
  • They were obese when they became pregnant.
  • They had excessive blood pressure before becoming pregnant.

How are high blood pressure and pregnancy detected?

No test can detect High blood pressure during pregnancy. Instead, during each of your prenatal sessions, your doctor will take your blood pressure. During your pregnancy, he or she will maintain track of your blood pressure measurements and be able to detect any variations that might suggest a larger problem. He or she will also employ urine and blood tests to look for any problems with High blood pressure during pregnancy.

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high blood pressure and pregnancy detected
high blood pressure and pregnancy detected

Can High blood pressure during pregnancy be prevented or avoided?

High blood pressure during pregnancy is unavoidable. However, you may reduce your chances of contracting HIV by making the required changes before becoming pregnant. These include achieving or maintaining a healthy weight, consuming nutritious food, and engaging in regular physical activity.

Consult your doctor if you have persistent High blood pressure in pregnancy!

He or she will assess how effectively your hypertension is being treated and advise you on any modifications you need to make before becoming pregnant.

Treatment of high blood pressure during pregnancy

You may have been taking medication for persistent High blood pressure during pregnancy before becoming pregnant if you had it. Any drugs you are taking should be disclosed to your doctor. He or she may say it’s fine to keep taking the medication. However, if the medication is unsafe for your baby, you may need to change medications during your pregnancy. During your regular checkups, your doctor will check your blood pressure and urine, as he or she does with all pregnancies.

If you have gestational hypertension, your doctor will keep a closer eye on your blood pressure and urine.

Your infant may also be monitored by your doctor. One method is to use an ultrasound. This is a non-invasive procedure that allows your doctor to see your baby within your body.

Treatment for preeclampsia is determined by where you are with respect to your due date. This is due to the fact that preeclampsia frequently resolves following the birth of a child. If you’re 37 weeks pregnant or more, your doctor may advise you to have the baby as soon as feasible. If you are less than 37 weeks pregnant, your doctor may decide to monitor you even more closely than usual. In addition to the regular urine and blood tests, you may need to take blood pressure medication.

Treatment of high blood pressure during pregnancy
Treatment of high blood pressure during pregnancy

You may also need to take medication to help prevent seizures, which can occur as a result of preeclampsia. It’s possible that you’ll be ordered to stay in bed until your kid is delivered due to High blood pressure during pregnancy. In the event that your baby needs to be born early, you may be given a steroid shot of a drug that will help your baby’s lungs grow faster. Your kid will be monitored through ultrasonography for the foreseeable future. A cardiac monitor may also be used by your doctor to check your baby’s health. If your preeclampsia is severe, your doctor may advise you to deliver your baby as soon as possible, regardless of how close you are to your due date.

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Having High blood pressure during pregnancy

Attend all of your prenatal appointments with your doctor. This will enable him or her to keep track of your blood pressure. Your doctor may instruct you to keep a home blood pressure monitor. He or she can provide you with advice on how to proceed. At each visit, your doctor will examine your urine. Protein levels in the urine might be a sign of preeclampsia.

Having High blood pressure during pregnancy
Having High blood pressure during pregnancy

The healthoWealth team tried to sum it up as briefly as possible. Consult your doctor about all of your medications. Also, do not begin or discontinue any medications, including over-the-counter medications, without first consulting your doctor. Some of these may have an impact on your blood pressure.

Concerns for your doctor for High blood pressure during pregnancy

  • I’m expecting a child and have high blood pressure. How likely am I to get gestational hypertension or preeclampsia?
  • Is there anything I can do to lower my chances of High blood pressure during pregnancy?
  • Will medication assist me?
  • How frequently will I need to make appointments with you?
  • What alternatives do I have for treatment of High blood pressure during pregnancy?
  • Will I have to stay in bed?
  • Will I require a C-section? Can I have a vaginal delivery instead for High blood pressure during pregnancy?

If, after reading the article “High blood pressure during pregnancy“, you liked it and became interested in studying in other fields of health and medicine, we suggest you read the following articles from the category blood pressure on our website.

 

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