The amount of work your heart is performing to pump blood through your arteries is indicated by your blood pressure. It’s an essential marker of your body.
High blood pressure, often known as hypertension in medical language, may be damaging to your health in a variety of ways. It can harm your important organs, such as your heart, kidneys, and brain, over time. That’s why it’s critical to monitor your blood pressure and take action to lower it before it becomes a problem.
Monitoring your Blood pressure without equipment at home using an automatic blood pressure machine or manually is one method to keep track of it. Healthowealth will show you how to check your blood pressure without equipment and provide you with some pointers on how to get reliable readings.
What can you learn from blood pressure readings?
Two separate measurements are used to determine blood pressure. This is what they imply:
The pressure in the systole
Your systolic pressure is the first reading. In a reading, it’s the first or highest number. The pressure inside your arteries as your heart contracts to pump blood is measured by systolic pressure.
The pressure in the diastole
Your diastolic value is the second reading. It’s the bottom or second number. The pressure inside your arteries while your heart rests between beats is measured by diastolic pressure.
For example, blood pressure may be expressed as 117/80 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury). The systolic pressure is 117 and the diastolic pressure is 80 in this scenario.
Blood pressure that is less than 120/80 mm Hg is considered normal. For a variety of causes, this figure can fluctuate.
Higher readings in either measurement might indicate that your heart is pumping blood through your arteries more forcefully. This might be the consequence of an outside stimulus, such as being anxious or terrified. It’s possible that your blood vessels will constrict as a result of this.
An internal force, such as the formation of plaque or fatty deposits in your arteries, might also produce higher blood pressure readings. This can also cause your blood vessels to constrict, resulting in a rise in blood pressure.
If you want to check your blood pressure without equipment at home, talk to your doctor or healthcare provider first about how they want you to monitor and record it. They may, for example, prefer that you monitor your blood pressure:
- before to or following the administration of a certain drug
- during specific times of day
- when you’re feeling anxious or dizzy
What is the best way to utilize an automated blood pressure monitor?
Purchasing an automatic cuff is the simplest way to test your blood pressure. Automatic blood pressure devices are simple to operate and might be beneficial if you have hearing loss.
These blood pressure cuffs are equipped with a digital monitor that displays your blood pressure measurement on a screen. These are available online, at most grocery shops, and in health food stores.
An automatic upper arm blood pressure monitor is recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA) Trusted Source for at-home usage. Follow the directions that came with your digital blood pressure monitor to operate it properly. For a demonstration, you may take the monitor to your doctor’s office or even your neighborhood pharmacy.
You should also keep a blood pressure journal in a notebook. This might be beneficial to your doctor. You may also get a free blood pressure log from the American Heart Association (AHA).
Blood pressure devices that are automated might give you a different reading than manual blood pressure equipment.
Bring your cuff with you to your next doctor’s appointment so you may compare your cuff reading to the one obtained at the clinic. This might aid in the calibration of your equipment as well as the identification of the blood pressure values to check for on your device.
Your doctor will still want to personally check your blood pressure at visits, even if you monitor it at home.
A step-by-step method to manually measuring your blood pressure without equipment
You’ll need the following items to manually take your blood pressure without equipment:
- A sphygmomanometer is a blood pressure cuff with a squeezable balloon and an aneroid monitor. A numbered dial is what an aneroid monitor is.
- a stethoscope is a device that is used to listen to the heartbeat
If at all feasible, solicit the assistance of a friend or family member, as using this approach on your own might be challenging.
The steps of taking your blood pressure without equipment at home are as follows:
- Make sure you’re calm before taking your blood pressure without equipment. Keeping your palm pointing up, place your arm on a smooth surface like a tabletop.
- To inflate the cuff, place it on your bicep and squeeze the balloon.
- Inflate the cuff 20-30 mm Hg higher than your usual blood pressure using the figures on the aneroid monitor. Ask your doctor how much to inflate the cuff if you don’t know your usual blood pressure.
- Set the stethoscope with the bottom edge down on the inside of your elbow crease, toward the inner portion of your arm, where the primary artery of your arm is located, once the cuff has been inflated. Before using the stethoscope, be sure you can hear it well by testing it. By touching on the stethoscope, you may accomplish this. It’s also beneficial to have a good stethoscope.
- Slowly deflate the balloon while listening for the initial “whoosh” of blood coming through the stethoscope. That number should be written down or remembered. This is your systolic blood pressure reading.
- You’ll notice the blood pulsing, so pay attention and carefully deflate the balloon until the beat stops. Make a note of the time when the beat ceases. Your diastolic pressure is this number.
- You’ll write down your blood pressure as 115/75, which is systolic over the diastolic.
Useful hints for using a blood pressure cuff
Remember the following guidelines to acquire the most accurate blood pressure reading:
- Make sure the blood pressure cuff fits you properly. Cuffs are available in a variety of sizes, including pediatric sizes if your arms are particularly little. When the cuff is deflated, you should be able to easily pass one finger between your arm and the cuff.
- Before taking your blood pressure, don’t smoke, drink, or exercise for 30 minutes.
- Make sure your back is straight and your feet are flat on the floor as you sit. Crossing your legs is not a wise decision.
- Take your blood pressure several times during the day and keep track of when each measurement is made.
- Rest for 3 to 5 minutes before measuring your blood pressure, plus a few minutes more if you’ve been really active recently.
- Make sure you get at least two readings each time to ensure they’re accurate. The readings should be within a few tenths of a tenth of a
- To get the most accurate readings and ranges, take your blood pressure multiple times throughout the day over some time.
- Bring your at-home monitor to your doctor’s office at least once a year to have it calibrated and checked.
Blood pressure without equipment with monitoring apps
Although some applications claim to be able to monitor your blood pressure without the need for any equipment, this is not an accurate or trustworthy approach.
There are, however, applications that might assist you in keeping track of your blood pressure readings. This can aid in the detection of blood pressure patterns. This information may be used by your doctor to assess if you need blood pressure medication.
The following are some examples of free blood pressure without equipment monitoring apps:
- Blood Pressure Monitor – Family Lite is an iOS app that measures your blood pressure. You may use this app to track your blood pressure, weight, and height, as well as your prescriptions.
- Android app for measuring blood pressure. This software keeps track of your blood pressure and provides statistical and graphical analysis options.
- Blood Pressure Companion is an iOS and Mac OS app that monitors your blood pressure. This software allows you to keep track of your blood pressure and see graphs and patterns over the course of several days or weeks.
These applications can help you keep track of your blood pressure without equipment readings quickly and effortlessly. Measuring your blood pressure on the same arm on a frequent basis will help you keep track of your results more correctly.
How to Check Your Blood Pressure without equipment?
You may use your pulse to get a general estimate of your systolic blood pressure (the pressure within your arteries while your heart is pounding). Diastolic blood pressure (the pressure within your arteries while your heart is at rest between beats) should always be measured using an arm cuff or stethoscope.
Using Your Pulse to Calculate Systolic Blood Pressure without equipment with fingers
Make a fist on the inside of your wrist
For measuring your blood pressure without equipment by hand, finding your pulse is the first step in calculating your systolic blood pressure. Your pulse will provide you with the essential information you need to determine if your systolic blood pressure is normal. Remember that this is a preliminary estimate that only tells you whether your systolic blood pressure is not low — it does not indicate excessive blood pressure.
- Place two fingers, preferably your index and middle fingers, on the thumb side of your hand, right below the wrist creases.
- Use your index finger instead, as it has a strong enough pulse to interfere with this process.
Take note of your pulse
Once you’ve got your two fingers in the right place, try to feel your radial pulse — the shockwave produced by your heart’s pounding. If you can feel your pulse, it means your systolic pressure is at least 80 mmHg, which is acceptable. This, however, does not tell you whether or not your blood pressure is elevated. If you can’t feel your pulse, your systolic blood pressure is probably less than 80 mmHg, which is still acceptable.
- This implies that your blood pressure is at least 80 mmHg since your radial artery (the artery in your wrist) is tiny and requires at least 80 mmHg for a pulse to reach it.
- The inability to feel your pulse does not signal any health issues.
- Without a cuff, estimating your blood pressure will offer you no information regarding your diastolic pressure.
- Some research has called into doubt the accuracy of measuring systolic pressure from your pulse.
After you’ve been somewhat active, recheck your pulse!
You should test your pulse later in the day to see how it rises following physical exercise. This will provide you with more information to help you assess if your blood pressure is low, high, or normal.
- If you don’t have a discernible pulse after moderate exertion, you may have low blood pressure.
- If you detect any abnormalities, see your doctor.
What is the range of blood pressure that is considered normal or healthy?
Blood pressure is a highly individualized vital indication, meaning it differs significantly from one man to the next. Some people have naturally low blood pressure all of the time, while others have blood pressure that is a little higher.
Normal blood pressure is defined as a reading of less than 120/80 mm Hg. Your blood pressure will be determined by:
- prescription drugs you’re taking
- any medical issues you may have
If your blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg or above, wait for 2 to 5 minutes before checking again. Consult your doctor if your blood pressure stays high to rule out hypertension.
Graph of blood pressure
While everyone is different, the American Heart Association (AHA) suggests the following ranges for healthy adults:
|Normal||less than 120||less than 80|
|Elevated||120-129||less than 80|
|High blood pressure stage 1 (hypertension)||130-139||80-89|
|High blood pressure stage 2 (hypertension)||140 or higher||90 or higher|
|Hypertensive crisis (call your local emergency services)||higher than 180||higher than 120|
When evaluating which group you belong in, keep in mind that your systolic and diastolic values must both be within the normal range for your blood pressure to be deemed normal.
Your blood pressure is deemed to be in that category if one of the numbers falls into that group. If your blood pressure is 115/92, your blood pressure is classified as stage 2 high blood pressure.
After a repeat reading, if your blood pressure rises beyond 180 systolic or 120 diastolic, get emergency medical attention immediately away.
Treatment for high blood pressure
Blood pressure monitoring can assist you and your doctor in detecting any problems early on. If
therapy is required, it is preferable to begin it before damage to your arteries has happened. Treatment may include adjustments in one’s lifestyle, such as:
- shedding pounds
- smoking cessation
- consuming a diet that is good for your heart
- reducing the amount of salt in your diet (sodium)
- cutting back on alcohol consumption
- Most days of the week, exercise for at least 30 minutes
- stress management in a healthy manner
You may need to take blood pressure medicine at times, such as:
- Diuretics that are similar to thiazides
- Calcium channel blockers are drugs that prevent calcium channels from opening.
- Inhibitors of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)
- Blockers of the angiotensin II receptor (ARBs)
Working with your doctor to treat any pre-existing health disorders that might contribute to high blood pressure is also crucial, such as:
Last but not least!
At home, you may take your Blood pressure without equipment in two ways. The most straightforward method is to utilize an automatic blood pressure cuff, which can be found online or in most groceries and drugstores. The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends this approach for at-home blood pressure monitoring.
You may take your blood pressure manually as well. This is the more difficult choice. To test your blood pressure this method, you’ll need a blood pressure cuff with a squeezable balloon, an aneroid monitor, and a stethoscope.
You can also check your blood pressure without equipment by hand or with fingers. But remember that this method or use of mobile apps can never be reliable and not be accurate enough.
It also is crucial to tell your doctor about your blood pressure measurements, especially if it’s above or below the usual range. This will assist your doctor in detecting any problems early on and determining the best treatment option for you. Your healthcare provider can show you how to correctly test your blood pressure if you’re unsure.
If, after reading the article “Blood pressure without equipment“, you liked it and became interested in studying in other fields of health and medicine, we suggest you read the following articles from the category blood pressure on our website.