This cancer is extremely uncommon, accounting for only 0.6 percent of all malignancies in women. Each year, around 5,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with vulvar cancer. The HPV vaccination can protect against the HPV strains that cause the majority of cervical, vaginal, and vulvar malignancies. Age, infection with specific forms of HPV, smoking, and HIV infection are all risk factors for developing vulvar cancer in women. Vulvar cancer symptoms include intense itching, burning, and discomfort on the vulva. Read this post from Healthawealth to know more about this disease.
What is the vulva?
The anatomy of the female pelvic region. The vulva is the female genital organs’ exterior region. It includes the following:
- Labia majora: two big, fleshy lips or skin folds.
- Vestibule: the area where the vaginal opening occurs.
- Prepuce: a skin fold created by the labia minora and covering the clitoris.
- Clitoris: Clitoris is a tiny protrusion of nerve tissue that responds to stimulus.
- Fourchette: The region underneath the vaginal entrance where the labia minora meet is known as the fourchette. The perineum is the region between the vagina and the anus.
- Anus: the orifice at the anal canal’s end.
- Urethra: the tube that connects to the bladder.
What exactly is vulvar cancer?
Vulvar cancer can affect any portion of the external organs, however, it most commonly affects the labia majora or more. Cancer of the vulva is an uncommon illness that accounts for 0.6 percent of all malignancies in women and can develop slowly over time. Squamous cell carcinomas account for the majority of vulvar malignancies.
Melanoma is another kind of vulvar cancer that typically develops in the labia minora or clitoris. Other kinds of vulvar cancer include as follows:
- The Paget disease
- Cancer of the basal cell
Preventing Vulvar Cancer
At this moment, the etiology of vulvar cancer is unknown. Certain risk factors, however, are considered to contribute to the disease’s development. Prevention suggestions include:
- When feasible, avoid identified risk factors.
- Postponing the commencement of the sexual activity
- The use of condoms
- Smoking cessation
- Having frequent physical examinations
- Getting an HPV vaccination
- Having Pap tests and pelvic examinations on a regular basis
- Checking your entire body for unusual mole development and your vulva for any indicators of vulvar cancer on a frequent basis
HPV vaccinations are only effective against some kinds of HPV. They cannot be used to treat an already diagnosed HPV infection. One of the vaccinations should be administered before a person becomes sexually active in order to be most effective.
Risk Factors for Vulvar Cancer
A woman’s chance of acquiring vulvar cancer may be increased by the following factors:
- Age: More than 80% of vulvar cancer patients are over 50, and half are over 70.
- HPV infection with certain kinds
- Infection with HIV
- Lichen sclerosis: This can make the vulvar skin very irritating and may raise the risk of vulvar cancer somewhat.
- A family history of melanoma or atypical moles on nonvulvar skin may raise the risk of vulvar cancer.
- Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN): VIN arises when abnormal cells form on the vulvar skin’s surface layer. Because these cell alterations are precancerous, women with VIN are at a greater risk of developing vulvar cancer, albeit most instances do not proceed to malignancy.
- Other types of genital cancer
Symptoms of Vulvar Cancer from Smoking
While each woman will experience symptoms differently, the following are the most common:
- Itching all the time
- Color and appearance changes in the vulva
- Bleeding or discharge that is not caused by menstruation
- Severe stinging, itchiness, or pain
- An open wound that lasts longer than a month
- The skin of the vulva is white and rough.
Vulvar cancer symptoms might mimic those of other illnesses or medical concerns. For medical advice, always see a doctor.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Vulvar Cancer
Vulvar cancer is detected by biopsy, which involves removing a tiny sample of tissue for examination in a lab by a pathologist.
Your doctor(s) will choose your specific therapy for vulvar cancer depending on:
- Your general health and medical background
- The disease’s scope
- Your tolerance to certain drugs, treatments, or therapies
- Expectations regarding the disease’s progression
- Treatment for vulvar cancer may include:
- Laser surgery: This procedure destroys aberrant cells by using an intense beam of light. Without requiring a big incision, the beam may be focused on particular regions of the body (cut). This treatment is solely utilized for premalignant (noninvasive) vulva illness.
- Excision: Excision involves the removal of cancer cells as well as a margin of normal tissue around the malignancy.
- Vulvectomy: Surgical removal of entire vulvar tissues. The amount of tissue removed is determined by the size and location of the lesion.
- Radiation therapy: To fight cancer, X-rays, gamma rays, and charged particles are employed.
- Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer medications to treat malignant cells.
Healthowealth has provided you with all the symptoms but remembers that it will never suffice. It is critical that an expert contextualize your specific results. Gynecologic oncologists are subspecialists who have received additional training in the diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of female malignancies, particularly vulvar cancer.
If, after reading the article “Vulvar cancer “, you liked it and became interested in studying in other fields of health and medicine, we suggest you read the following articles from the category cancer on our website.