Regular testing can aid in the early detection of diabetes. High blood sugar levels can creep up on you without warning. In reality, most people are unaware that they have high blood sugar until they are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, which they have had for some time. In HealthoWealth we have come up with an article to help you with diagnosing early signs of diabetes.
How do you know if you have diabetes?
Early on, the telltale early signs of diabetes, Type 2 such as frequent urination and increased thirst, can be mild. Ignoring them, on the other hand, can lead to more serious health issues in the future.
Your brain, kidneys, and retina might suffer damage from even a slight rise in blood sugar levels. The more you go without therapy and the higher your blood sugar levels are, the worse the damage can get.
According to endocrinologist Kevin Pantalone, DO, “We assume someone has had diabetes for roughly five years when we diagnosis them.” According to the researcher, “some people who are newly diagnosed have previously been living with kidney problems and retinal abnormalities, so they have it for a while.”
According to Dr. Pantalone, diabetes can manifest itself in a variety of ways early on. Even if they’re little, they should be brought to your doctor’s attention.
You’re making more trips to the bathroom
It’s a sign that your blood sugar is out of balance if you have to go to the bathroom more than usual, especially at night. One of Dr. Pantalone’s patients, for example, came in for a diagnosis after a family member noted he was going to the bathroom every commercial break while they were watching TV.
You’re experiencing urinary or yeast infections often
Sugar gets into your urine when your blood glucose levels are high and your kidneys can’t filter it out fast enough. More sugar in a warm, wet environment can lead to yeast infections in the urinary tract, especially in women.
You’re losing weight without trying
If you have diabetes, your body has trouble using glucose (sugar) as fuel. Instead, your body will start to burn fat stores, which will cause unexpected weight loss.
Your vision is getting worse
High blood sugar levels can cause the lenses in your eyes to warp, causing your eyesight to deteriorate. Changes in your vision or eyeglass prescription can be included in early signs of diabetes.
You’re feeling fatigued or exhausted
Dehydration (through frequent urination, which can disrupt sleep) and kidney impairment are two underlying reasons for the exhaustion that may be linked to diabetes/high sugar levels. According to Dr. Pantalone, this feeling of weariness is common and might interfere with daily tasks.
You’re noticing skin discoloration
Dark skin in the neck creases and across the knuckles is something Dr. Pantalone frequently observes in people before they are diagnosed with diabetes. Acanthosis nigricans is a disorder caused by insulin resistance.
How do men and women have distinct early signs of diabetes?
Men are more likely to be detected with Type 2 diabetes at a lower weight, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). One explanation is that males are more likely to retain fat around their tummies, which is a risk factor. Men with Type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of developing heart disease. This mixture has the potential to cause erectile dysfunction (ED). In fact, according to the CDC, men with diabetes are three times more likely to have ED. Diabetes-related nerve injury can also cause:
- An overactive bladder (especially at night).
- Incontinence (leaking urine).
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs).
- Retrograde ejaculation (semen is released into the bladder).
How do early signs of diabetes differ for women?
Women with Type 2 diabetes have a lot more to deal with. Diabetes can increase the risk of heart disease by four times in women compared to two times in men, according to the CDC. Women are more likely than men to develop diabetes-related complications such as blindness, kidney disease, and depression.
Type 2 diabetes is more prevalent in women who have:
- A sex urge that isn’t as strong.
- Periods that are longer or heavier.
- Having difficulty conceiving or having issues throughout pregnancy.
- During menopause, you may gain weight, which may necessitate an increase in your diabetic medication.
- Yeast or urinary tract infections on a regular basis.
Women from various ethnic groups are also affected differentially by type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is more common in African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander women than in white women.
Ways to prevent Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes can be avoided if you take the right steps. The majority of it boils down to maintaining a healthy weight and exercising on a regular basis. Even losing 5% of your present weight can help you overcome prediabetes, a condition in which your blood sugar levels are higher but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes. It also aids in reducing processed meals, alcohol, sugary drinks, and trans fat consumption. Instead, choose whole grains, lean protein, fruit, non-starchy veggies, water, and sugar-free beverages.
Regular testing can keep you informed
“A lot of the time, people deny or justify their symptoms,” Dr. Pantalone continues, “and as a result, they get worse until they need to see someone. They’ve lost a lot of weight or are sick of peeing all night.”
Because the early signs of diabetes are often mild or nonexistent, especially early on, it’s critical to see your doctor for a checkup and testing on a regular basis. If you’re overweight or have risk factors, such as a family history of diabetes, this is a must.
Risk factors in showing early signs of diabetes are as follow:
- Being overweight.
- Being 45 years old or older.
- If you’re African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
- Living with high blood pressure.
- Having low HDL (good) cholesterol or a high level of triglycerides.
- Having a history of gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds or more.
- Not being physically active.
- Having a history of heart disease, stroke, depression, or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
If you’re between the ages of 40 and 70, the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening for Type 2 diabetes. Every three years, the test should be performed if the results are okay. The task group recommends starting screening at a younger age and testing more frequently if you have a risk factor.
If, after reading the article “Early signs of diabetes “, you liked it and became interested in studying in other fields of health and medicine, we suggest you read the following articles from the category diabetes on our website.