HPV

A to Z of the HPV Vaccine

As part of the NHS immunization programme, girls and boys aged 12 to 13 (born after September 1, 2006) are provided with the human papillomavirus which is the HPV vaccine and HealthoWealth has provided all about it in this article.

What exactly is the HPV vaccine?

The HPV Vaccine protects against HPV-related malignancies such as:

  • cancer of the cervix
  • certain malignancies of the mouth and throat (head and neck)
  • cancers of the anal and genital regions

It also helps to prevent genital warts. In England, girls and boys aged 12 to 13 years are usually administered their first HPV vaccine during their eighth grade year. The second dosage is given 6 to 24 months after the first dose. To be fully protected, you must get both doses of the vaccination.

If you are eligible and miss the HPV Vaccine administered in Year 8, it is available on the NHS for free until your 25th birthday for:

  • females born on or after September 1, 1991
  • males born on or after September 1, 2006

The term HPV refers to a highly prevalent group of viruses. There are several forms of HPV, some of which are classified as “high risk” because they have been related to the development of malignancies such as cervical cancer, anal cancer, genital cancers, and head and neck cancers.

The HPV Vaccine protects against HPV-related malignancies
The HPV Vaccine protects against HPV-related malignancies

Other forms can result in disorders such as warts or verrucas. More than 99 percent of cervical malignancies have high-risk HPV strains. There is also a link between HPV and various anal and genital malignancies, as well as cancers of the head and neck. HPV infections seldom create symptoms, and most people are unaware they are afflicted.

What are the many HPV vaccine kinds and what do they do?

There are around 100 distinct forms of HPV, with approximately 40 of them affecting the vaginal region. HPV is quite prevalent and may be contracted through any type of sexual contact with someone who already has it.

See also  HPV in the mouth

Most people will have an HPV infection at some time in their life, and their bodies will naturally rid themselves of it without therapy.

However, some persons who have been infected with a high-risk variant of HPV will not be able to eliminate it. If not treated, this can progress to aberrant tissue growth and other abnormalities, which can lead to cancer.

HPV vaccine kinds
HPV vaccine kinds

High-risk HPV strains have been related to a variety of cancers, including:

  • cancer of the cervix
  • ovarian cancer
  • carcinoma of the vulva
  • throat cancer

Some malignancies of the head and neck can be caused by infection with other forms of HPV.

  • Skin warts and verrucas
  • not on the genital region warts on the voice box or vocal cords genital warts
  • tiny growths or skin alterations on or around the genital or anal area; they’re the most prevalent viral sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the UK (laryngeal papillomas)

How does the HPV Vaccine function?

Since 2012, Gardasil has been the HPV vaccine used in the NHS immunisation programme. The HPV Vaccine used in the NHS programme will be replaced with Gardasil 9 sometime during the 2021-2022 academic year.

the HPV Vaccine function
the HPV Vaccine function

Gardasil 9 protects against the following HPV types: 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58. Types 16 and 18 accounts for the majority of cervical malignancies in the UK (more than 80 percent ). Types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 account for an extra 15% of cervical malignancies.

These HPV strains are also responsible for the majority of anal malignancies, as well as several genital and head and neck cancers. Gardasil 9 protects girls and boys against both cancer and genital warts, as HPV types 6 and 11 cause around 90% of genital warts.

HPV vaccine does not protect against other illnesses spread during sex, such as chlamydia, and it does not prevent females from becoming pregnant, therefore safe sex is still essential.

Who is eligible for the HPV vaccine under the NHS immunisation programme?

The first dose of the HPV Vaccine is usually given to girls and boys in Year 8 who are 12 and 13 years old. The second dosage is given 6 to 24 months after the first dose.

If you miss either of your HPV Vaccine shots, contact your school immunisation team or GP clinic as soon as possible to schedule the missed dose. To be fully protected, you must get both doses of the vaccination.

See also  HPV In women

If you are eligible and miss the HPV Vaccine administered in Year 8, it is available on the NHS for free until your 25th birthday for:

  • females born on or after September 1, 1991
  • males born on or after September 1, 2006

What changes have occurred in the HPV vaccine programme?

The HPV Vaccine was made available to males aged 12 to 13 years old in England in July 2018. This decision was made based on recommendations from the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI), an independent organisation that advises UK health authorities on immunisation.

Both 12- to 13-year-old boys and girls in school Year 8 (born after September 1, 2006) have become eligible for the HPV Vaccine since the 2019-2020 school year.

The HPV vaccine programme has been expanded in order to protect more boys and girls against HPV-related diseases such as head and neck cancers, anal and genital cancers.

the HPV vaccine programme
the HPV vaccine programme

A catch-up effort for older males is unnecessary since research shows they are already benefiting considerably from the indirect protection (known as herd protection) that has been built up during the course of the girls’ HPV Vaccine campaign, which has lasted 10 years.

Why is the HPV Vaccine administered so young?

HPV infections are generally present on the fingers, hands, mouth, and genitals and can be transferred by any skin-to-skin contact. This indicates that the virus can be transmitted during any sexual activity, including touching.

The HPV Vaccine works best when girls and boys receive it before coming into contact with HPV (in other words, before they become sexually active).

Getting the vaccination when it is suggested can help protect children throughout their adolescence and beyond. Most unvaccinated persons will be infected with HPV at some point in their lives. The virus seldom causes harm since the person’s immune system clears the illness. However, the infection can remain in the body for many years before causing harm.

HPV Vaccine is recommended for guys who have sex with other men (MSM)

Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) may be vulnerable against HPV since they have not benefited as much from the long-running girls’ programme.

MSM up to and including 45 years of age have been eligible for free HPV Vaccine on the NHS while visiting specialised sexual health services and HIV clinics in England from April 2018. More information can be obtained from the clinic’s doctor or nurse.

See also  What is HPV or human papillomavirus?

Transgender persons should be vaccinated against HPV

Trans women (those who were assigned male at birth) are eligible for the HPV vaccine in the same manner as MSM are if their risk of developing HPV is comparable to MSM who are eligible.

Trans males (those who were assigned female at birth) who have intercourse with other men and are 45 or younger are eligible. No further doses are required if trans males have already completed a course of HPV Vaccine as part of the girls’ HPV vaccine programme.

How is the HPV Vaccine administered?

the HPV Vaccine administered
the HPV Vaccine administered

The HPV Vaccine is administered in two doses into the upper arm, at least six months apart. To be fully protected, you must get both doses of the vaccination. If you missed the HPV vaccine during your eighth grade year, you can obtain it for free until your 25th birthday.

Men who have sex with men (MSM), as well as trans men and trans women who are eligible for the vaccination, will need two doses of the vaccine administered six months apart.

MSM who are HIV positive or have a compromised immune system (immunocompromised) require three doses of the HPV Vaccine.

If you require three doses of the vaccine:

  • The second dose should be administered at least one month following the first.
  • The third dosage should be administered at least three months following the second dose.

To be well protected, all vaccination doses must be obtained.

How long does the HPV Vaccine provide protection?

According to studies, the vaccination protects against HPV infection for at least ten years, while scientists anticipate that protection will last considerably longer.

However, because the HPV Vaccine does not protect against all forms of HPV that can cause cervical cancer, it is critical that all women who get the HPV vaccine also undergo regular cervical screening after the age of 25.

If, after reading the article “HPV vaccine“, you liked it and became interested in studying in other fields of health and medicine, we suggest you read the following articles from the category HPV on our website.

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