What is HPV or human papillomavirus?

A prevalent sexually transmitted infection with the same name is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Most sexually active people eventually come into contact with it. Around 79 million Americans have HPV, and approximately 14 million new cases are identified by doctors each year.

There are various forms of HPV, and certain of them can raise the chance of developing cancer. About 19,400 girls and 12,100 males in the US are diagnosed with malignancies caused by HPV each year. In HealthoWealth we will thoroughly inspect it and tell you what is HPV.

What is HPV and its Treatments!

The HPV virus cannot be cured or eliminated from the body. However, there are a number of methods one can take to get rid of warts that HPV may produce. The fact that these warts frequently fade away without treatment is also important to note.

What is HPV and its Treatments!
What is HPV and its Treatments!

Common warts

Common warts can be treated with over-the-counter salicylic acid medications. However, do not apply these products to warts on the genital region.

One of the following medicines may be recommended by a doctor for some patients:

  • imiquimod (Aldara, Zyclara)
  • podofilox (Condylox)
  • Acid trichloroacetic
  • podophyllin

Additionally, surgical intervention can be required.

Genital warts

In response to what is HPV and genital warts, avoid using over-the-counter medications. A doctor might advise:

  • Warts can be removed using liquid nitrogen in a process called cryotherapy.
  • By burning warts off with an electrical current, this procedure is known as electrocautery.
  • With laser or light treatment, the undesirable tissue is removed using a concentrated, high-powered beam.
  • Using a local anesthetic, a surgeon can remove warts during outpatient surgery.

Depending on the kind and location of the wart, the best choice will be determined. Warts can be treated, but the virus will stay in the body and continue to spread.

Symptoms of HPV

Symptoms of HPV
what is HPV: Symptoms of HPV

Years after the original infection, HPV symptoms can manifest. Warts can develop as a result of some virus types, whereas cancer risk is raised by others. HPV can specifically lead to:

See also  A to Z of the HPV Vaccine

Genital warts

One tiny skin lump, several bumps, or stem-like protrusions are all possible in one individual. These warts may be any of the following, depending on size and appearance:

  • large or small
  • cauliflower-shaped or flat
  • White, skin tone, pink, crimson, purplish-brown, or red

They may develop on the following:

  • vulva
  • cervix
  • or the scrotum
  • anus
  • groin region

These warts may itch, burn, or make you feel uneasy in various ways.

Other types of warts

Common warts, plantar warts, and flat warts can all be brought on by HPV. Common warts are rough, raised blemishes that commonly develop on the elbows, hands, and fingers.

Plantar warts, which commonly develop on the heels or balls of the feet, are hard, granular growths. While flat warts are slightly elevated, flat-topped lesions that are darker than the surrounding skin, they typically develop on the face or neck.

How HPV can lead to cancer?

HPV can lead to cancer?
what is HPV: cancer and HPV

Although most HPV-positive individuals do not go on to develop cancer, the infection can raise the risk, particularly in those with compromised immune systems.

A high-risk HPV strain can alter how cells communicate with one another, which can lead to uncontrolled cell growth. The immune system eliminates the undesirable cells in many people. The cells can stay inside the body and develop further if the immune system is unable to do so. This can eventually result in cancer. According to the National Cancer Institute, a tumor may take 10–20 years to form. About 3% of all malignancies in women and 2% of all cancers in men in the U.S. are caused by HPV. Stay with us to get more detailed information about what is HPV.

The infection may raise a person’s risk of getting cancer of:

  • cervix
  • vulva
  • vagina
  • penis
  • anus
  • oropharynx

Regular screening can result in an early diagnosis, and rapid treatment can stop the spread of the disease. The type of cancer, its stage, the patient’s age, and general health will all affect the optimal course of treatment.

Causes of human papillomavirus

Skin-to-skin contact, frequently through sexual contact, is how the HPV virus spreads. Anyone who engages in sexual activity is susceptible to the infection. There might not be any symptoms, or there might be symptoms that come and go. Whether or not symptoms are present, HPV can spread from person to person. Different HPV strains increase the chance of developing cancer and those that cause warts.

See also  HPV In women
Causes of human papillomavirus
what is HPV:Causes of human papillomavirus

What is HPV In children?

During birth, a newborn may contract HPV. Research, however, indicates that this danger is comparatively modest because the immune system often handles the infection in this circumstance. Infants with vaginal warts or oral lesions may have an HPV infection. A young child exhibiting HPV symptoms may have experienced child sexual abuse.

what is HPV: Risk factors

HPV risk factors include the following:

  • pursuing multiple sexual partners
  • having sexual relations with a person who has had multiple partners
  • having sex without utilizing a barrier, such as a dental dam or condom
  • having skin damage or cracked skin in some regions
  • interacting with warts or areas that have been exposed to HPV
  • not having the HPV vaccination

A person is more likely to develop cancer if they have HPV and:

  • possesses additional STIs, such as chlamydia
  • gave birth to their first child at a young age.
  • Having given birth to numerous kids
  • tobacco products are smoked
  • has a compromised immunity

Diagnosis of human papillomavirus

In examining What is HPV, we reach the disease diagnosis section. The majority of the time, a doctor can identify HPV with a visual examination of whether warts or lesions are present. Additionally, tests can establish the virus’s presence.

Diagnosis of human papillomavirus
what is HPV: Diagnosis of human papillomavirus

When to get tested for human papillomavirus?

Tests for HPV or associated cellular alterations in the cervix include:

  • a Pap smear
  • DNA testing
  • an exam

Cells from the cervix or vagina’s surface are collected and tested during a Pap smear, also known as a cervical smear. Any cellular anomalies that could cause cancer can be found. A doctor may order a DNA test in addition to a pap smear to assess for high-risk HPV types.

Obtaining a sample of the affected skin for a biopsy may be necessary if a test reveals unexpected cell changes. Males are not being routinely screened for HPV, and there are few testing alternatives available. More testing has been recommended by some specialists, particularly for guys who have intercourse with other men. A doctor might advise an anal Pap smear if a patient had receptive anal intercourse. Although a person can perform a home HPV test, a doctor visit is still necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Cancer cannot be detected by the home test.

See also  HPV in the mouth

Prevention of human papillomavirus

Those who want to lower their chance of getting HPV can:

  • Purchase an HPV vaccination.
  • Each and every time they have sex, use barrier protection.
  • decrease the number of sexual partners.
  • Avoid having sex if you have genital warts.

To aid in halting the spread of warts:

  • Do not touch the wart without need.
  • Cleanse your hands after touching a wart.
  • Avoid shaving over a wart.
  • If you have warts on your feet, wear shoes when you’re in public spaces like swimming pools and locker rooms.
  • Until a wart disappears, treat it and cover it.
  • Do not exchange personal goods like towels.

What is HPV Vaccination

What is HPV Vaccination
What is HPV Vaccination

To lower the risk of cervical cancer and other cancers, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Trusted Source advises immunization between the ages of 11 and 12.

Two stages of this vaccine are administered six to twelve months apart. There are three HPV vaccinations on the market right now:

  • Gardasil
  • Cervarix
  • Gardasil 9

Ask your doctor about the vaccine if you are under 26 years old and have not received it. Those aged 27 to 45 who have never received the vaccine are eligible to receive the Gardasil 9 shot. To determine whether immunization is necessary, consult a physician. Anyone pregnant should postpone getting the vaccine until after birth.

If, after reading the article “What is HPV? “, you liked it and became interested in studying in other fields of health and medicine, we suggest you read the following articles from the category HPV on our website.


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HealthoWealth Team

A group of students from prestigious universities are present in Healthowealth team. This group use reliable scientific sources and work under the supervision of experts and specialists to gather beneficial info in a simple way for public usage. This info is collected from authentic sources and with great precision, but keep in mind that if you have a serious illness, at first visit a specialist to be treated by doctors order. At least avoid self-medications!

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