Cancer

Every detail about how to prevent cancer!

Most cancers are preventable. This is an important message that Healthowealth has for you about cancer and how to prevent cancer, for a condition that is the public’s top health concern. Unfortunately, most individuals are unaware of the critical actions they may take to reduce their risk and it’s not surprising, considering the deluge of cancer studies and media attention we see on a weekly basis. It’s enough to perplex even the most seasoned professionals.

The good news is that when all of this research is considered together, eight basic guidelines emerge about how to prevent cancer. These include things like keeping a healthy weight, exercising on a regular basis, and not smoking.

While there are additional steps that can reduce the risk of some individual cancers, these eight behaviours provide the greatest benefit for the majority of cancers and can also help prevent other serious chronic diseases, like heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and osteoporosis.

It’s almost never too early to help our kids and grandkids build lifelong healthy habits, and it’s almost never too late for adults to start. Here there are some of the elements that help you How to prevent cancer.

Do not smoke for prevent cancer!

prevent cancer: not smoke
prevent cancer: not smoke

In the United States, smoking is responsible for around 30% of all malignancies and 90% of lung cancers so one way how to prevent cancer is to quit it. Approximately half of all smokers will die as a result of a smoking-related condition, such as cancer, heart disease, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Tobacco kills about 5 million people globally each year and is expected to kill 1 billion people by the end of the century.

Smoking and the use of smokeless tobacco is a recognized risk factor for at least 14 different malignancies, including cancers of the head and neck, bladder, breast, kidney, cervix, oesophagus, pancreas, stomach, colon, rectum, and blood (certain leukaemias).

The single most effective approach to avoiding cancer and other chronic illnesses is to quit smoking. Over 160,000 cancer deaths may be saved each year in the United States alone if tobacco were suddenly eradicated from the planet.

Preventing teen and young adult smoking gives the greatest health advantages; nevertheless, despite increased tobacco-prevention efforts, roughly 18 percent of people in the United States still smoke. As a result, efforts to persuade smokers to quit smoking (cessation) have grown more popular, but only a tiny number of people attempting to quit seek effective therapies that can help them quit. Despite this, quitting smoking has several advantages.

Many smoking-related diseases begin to decline after two years of stopping, and after 10 – 20 years, the risk of lung cancer and most other tobacco-related diseases is approximately comparable to that of nonsmokers.

Electronic cigarettes are a relatively new addition to the smoking debate, and they are frequently touted as a safer alternative to traditional tobacco cigarettes as well as an aid for quitting smoking. These battery-powered gadgets, also known as e-cigarettes, vape pens, personal vaporizers, and hookah pens, function by aerosolizing a nicotine-containing liquid, which is then inhaled.

Though electronic cigarettes appear to be safer than traditional tobacco cigarettes on the surface, there are numerous unknowns concerning their hazards and benefits. It is better to avoid electronic cigarettes until those questions are resolved. Smokers who want to stop should consult a doctor about FDA-approved cessation aids such as gum, lozenges, patches, and certain drugs.

Keep a healthy weight to prevent cancer risks

prevent cancer: Keep a healthy weight
prevent cancer: Keep a healthy weight

Despite the fact that obesity is one of the major risk factors for cancer and controlling it is one of the best ways to prevent cancer, a new survey conducted by the American Institute for Cancer Research discovered that around half of the population is ignorant of the relationship. However, there is strong evidence that around 120,000 cancer deaths in the United States might be averted if everyone maintained a healthy weight throughout their lives.

Obesity (defined as a BMI more than or equal to 30) (BMI calculator) has been significantly related to an increased risk of malignancies of the breast (after menopause), colon, kidney, pancreas, and oesophagus (adenocarcinoma), ovaries, and prostate. Furthermore, there is mounting evidence that obesity raises the risk of leukaemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and liver and gallbladder cancers.

Weight raises cancer risk in different ways depending on the malignancy.

For example, estrogen produced by fat cells increases the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer; blood sugar and insulin problems associated with obesity likely increase the risk of colon and pancreatic cancer; and weight-related irritations caused by gallstones and acid reflux likely increase the risk of gallbladder and oesophagal cancer, respectively.

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The now well-known and troubling trends in the incidence of overweight and obesity in the United States indicate an increase in the burden of not just weight-related malignancies, but also heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Obesity rates have risen dramatically in the United States during the previous two decades.

In 2000, no state had an obesity rate of 30% or greater. States do it now. And about 70% of the US population is either overweight (BMI 25–29.9) or obese (BMI greater than or equal to 30). While these trends are most prominent in the United States, they may be found all over the world, pointing to a massive future global burden from weight-related disorders.

Such figures highlight the importance of continuing and accelerating weight-control initiatives in a variety of settings, including schools, workplaces, communities, and even social media. There is some evidence that such coordinated initiatives are having a favourable impact on specific groups of youngsters. Such accomplishment, however, is only the beginning and must be utilized to fuel more actions that will have a far greater benefit for everybody.

Regular exercise is essential!

prevent cancer: Regular exercise
prevent cancer: Regular exercise

Regular physical activity is widely known for its health advantages. It not only helps prevent heart disease, stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis, and high blood pressure, but it also helps prevent cancer. Overall, it is estimated that 5% of cancers in the United States are associated with a lack of regular exercise, which is mostly accounted for by the association with two major malignancies, breast cancer and colon cancer. Regular exercise reduces the risk of breast cancer in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Regularly getting out to walk or ride a bike, for example, reduces risk in a variety of ways. It can boost immunological function, which aids the body in fighting cancer-related infections. It can aid in the maintenance of appropriate hormone levels in the blood (such as estrogen and progesterone). It can also help women maintain a healthy weight.

Growing data suggests that the sooner regular exercise begins in life, the lower the risk of later adult breast cancer. The interval between when a female begins her period and when she has her first kid is critical for breast growth and development. During this period, breast tissue seems to be more vulnerable to unfavourable risk factors, providing a significant chance to reduce adult breast cancer risk by eating a nutritious diet, remaining physically active, and maintaining a healthy weight.

The fundamental reason for colon cancer appears to be that exercise can assist manage insulin levels, which can keep certain hormones and growth factors in check, which can encourage malignancy in colon tissue.

Despite its many advantages, most Americans prefer not to engage in physical activity. Over half of the population does not obtain the recommended amount of exercise each week, which is 30 minutes of moderate activity (such as brisk walking) five days a week or 20 minutes of strenuous activity (such as running) three days a week. Approximately 30% of men and 34% of women engage in little – or no – physical exercise during their free time.

And new data reveals that staying inactive for extended periods of time – even if you do the recommended amount of exercise – may raise your risk of breast, endometrial, and lung cancer.

Maintain a nutritious diet

prevent cancer: nutritious diet
prevent cancer: nutritious diet

Its important that how to prevent cancer, so a good diet is essential for general health and can reduce the incidence of several malignancies. While news coverage of the relationship between food and cancer has been unclear at best and deceptive at worst, there is substantial evidence that the way we eat affects cancer risk. Surprisingly, the most crucial aspect of nutrition when it comes to cancer risk is calories, not fat, meat, or fruits and vegetables. Keeping calories in check to keep weight in check is the single most essential diet modification people can make.

A risk-reducing diet is mostly plant-based (with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains); low in animal products (such as animal fat, red meat, and processed meat); low in sodium; and, for males, not too high in calcium (less than 1500 mg/day).

A daily multivitamin containing folate can give nutrition insurance as well as additional protection against some malignancies and chronic illnesses. Folate is a B vitamin that has been demonstrated to reduce the incidence of colon and breast cancer in women who regularly use alcohol. Most multivitamins contain calcium and vitamin D, which may help give further protection against colon cancer.

If you must drink alcohol, do it in moderation!

prevent cancer: dont drink alcohol
prevent cancer: dont drink alcohol

Alcohol plays a multifaceted impact on health. While studies suggest that even little amounts of alcohol (less than one drink per day) might increase the risk of two major malignancies (breast and colon), there is also very clear evidence that moderate intake can considerably lessen the risk of cardiovascular disease in older persons. It is critical to balance these dangers and rewards. Although the advantages of moderate alcohol use in older persons are well known, the cancer risk and possibility of alcohol dependency suggest that nondrinkers should not be urged to begin drinking. Most individuals who drink moderately already do not need to stop. All strong drinkers, on the other hand, should be urged to go back to moderate levels or quit entirely.

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Growing data shows that drinking in adolescence and early adulthood has a significant influence on later adult breast cancer risk. Alcohol should be avoided entirely by adolescents. Young adult women should, ideally, do the same; at the very least, if they do drink, they should do so at moderate or lower levels and avoid binge drinking.

Alcohol likely raises the risk of both breast and colon cancer by reducing folate levels in the body, while there are other probable explanations. In several research, folate has been proven to protect against cancer. As a result, the decreased levels generated by alcohol may increase the danger. However, evidence shows that taking a folate supplement (similar to a multivitamin) may help reduce some of the cancer risks associated with alcohol.

Sun protection is essential also, stay away from tanning beds!

prevent cancer: Sun protection
prevent cancer: Sun protection

Overexposure to the sun is a well-known cause of skin cancer, including deadly melanoma. With melanoma incidence constantly growing in the United States and across the world, adequate sun protection is an important public health message. Nonetheless, a rising number of people in the United States are suffering from severe sunburn. The proportion of the population reporting a sunburn in the previous year is increasing, with one-third reporting at least one sunburn and roughly 20% reporting four or more. Tanning bed usage is also a major problem, particularly among adolescents and young people. Indoor tanning is classified as hazardous to humans by the International Association for Research on Cancer, and its increased usage closely parallels the growth in melanoma prevalence. One meta-analysis of many researchers found that any degree of tanning bed use raised the risk of melanoma by roughly 20%. If usage began before the age of 35, the danger rose considerably greater — by 90%. Take the following steps to reduce your risk of melanoma and other types of skin cancer:

  • never use tanning beds
  • avoid the sun as much as possible during peak burning hours (10 a.m. – 4 p.m.)
  • wear long sleeve shirts, long pants, and wide-brimmed hats
  • properly apply (and re-apply as needed) broad-sunscreen
  • assist children with sun protection and be a good role model for them

Defend yourself against infections!

Defend yourself against infections!
prevent cancer: Defend yourself against infections!

Infections have an essential role in the development of several malignancies, despite widespread ignorance. Infections are responsible for around 23% of all malignancies in low-income nations. In higher-income countries, this figure is 7%. It is four percent in North America.

Certain infections can trigger alterations that can lead to cancer, either directly or indirectly. This can occur as a result of the persistent inflammation caused by some illnesses, or as a result of an infectious agent (such as a virus) altering the behaviour of infected cells. Infections that weaken the immune system (such as HIV) raise cancer risk by making the body less capable of fighting infections that cause cancer.

Not unexpectedly, infection-related malignancies do not affect everyone similarly. Poor living circumstances and insufficient health treatment for many people throughout the world raise the risk of cancer caused by chronic infections.

At least 10 infectious agents have been linked to an increased risk of cancer (see table), with some of them being extremely frequent. However, only a tiny percentage of people infected acquire cancer since it needs a specific collection of conditions, in addition to the infection, to transform normal cells into malignant.

Nonetheless, these infectious pathogens have a significant influence on cancer globally. Human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B and C viruses, and Helicobacter pylori are all important. HPV is a sexually transmitted virus that has been associated with a variety of malignancies, the most serious of which is cervical cancer. HPV infection is thought to be the root cause of nearly all cervical malignancies. Hepatitis B and C infect the liver and cause the vast majority of liver cancers. Finally, Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium that infects the stomach, is thought to be responsible for up to 75% of all stomach cancers, the fourth most prevalent cancer globally.

When considering the scope of infection-related malignancies, the possibility of prevention is a bright light. Cervical cancer, as well as penile, anal, and throat cancer, can be prevented by HPV vaccination in both girls and boys. The hepatitis B vaccination, which is becoming more popular, can help prevent liver cancer. Treatment for Helicobactor pylori decreases the risk of stomach cancer. Furthermore, increased Hepatitis C screening and treatment may reduce the incidence of liver cancer.

Aside from vaccination and therapy, individuals can reduce their risk of infection-related malignancies by minimizing blood exposure (for example, by not sharing needles), practicing safer sex, and, for women, undergoing regular Pap tests and perhaps HPV testing.

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Get health screenings checks

Get health screenings checks
prevent cancer: Get health screenings checks

Having cancer screening tests at regular intervals is the single most effective approach to preventing cancer. Not only may screening tests detect malignancies early when they are most curable, but they can also help prevent the illness in the case of colon and cervical cancer.

Screening tests for colon cancer aid in cancer prevention by detecting and eliminating adenomatous polyps, which are abnormal growths that can progress to cancer. Regular sigmoidoscopy screening, for example, has been proven to reduce the chance of dying from colon cancer by 30 to 50%; faecal occult blood tests can reduce colon cancer mortality by up to a quarter. Furthermore, observational studies demonstrate that colonoscopy reduces the risk of colon cancer death by more than half. Despite this, one-third of adults in the United States who are age-eligible for colon cancer screening do not receive the necessary tests.

The Pap test, which tests for cervical cancer, has substantially higher screening rates. In the United States, about 80% of women of reproductive age have had a Pap test within the past three years. Pap tests aid in the detection of abnormal alterations in the cells lining the cervix, which may progress to cancer. After that, the aberrant cells can be treated or eliminated. The Pap test is a significant public health success story. Cervical cancer mortality rates have plummeted by more than 70% in the United States and other industrialized countries since it began extensively used in the 1950s.

The human papillomavirus (HPV) test, which may be given to women starting at the age of 30 in addition to their routine Pap test, is a recent addition to cervical cancer screening. The test determines if a woman is infected with a high-risk strain of HPV that has been linked to cancer. Women who have these high-risk kinds can subsequently undergo further follow-up testing to screen for abnormal changes in cervix cells.

Aside from prevention, screening tests are critical for detecting cancer early, when it is most curable. Women should prioritize breast, cervical, and colon screening. Men should prioritize colon screening. Current or former heavy smokers between the ages of 55 and 74 should consult a doctor about the possible advantages and risks of low-dose CT lung cancer screening. In addition to the basic tests outlined below (see tables), the American Cancer Society recommends that doctors do periodic screenings for indicators of thyroid, testicular, ovarian, lymph node, oral cavity, and skin cancer. Those at higher risk for certain cancer may need to begin screening sooner and have screening tests more frequently than is advised for the general population.

 

 

Tests for women

Age             Test Cancer How often
21-29
Pap test Cervical Every 3 years
30-39
Pap test + HPV test Cervical Every 5 years (every 3 years if Pap test alone)
40-44
Pap test + HPV test Cervical Every 5 years (every 3 years if Pap test alone)
Mammography Breast Every year
45 and over
Pap test + HPV test Cervical Every 5 years (every 3 years if Pap test alone)
Mammography Breast Ages 45-54 – Every year
Mammography Breast Ages 55 and over – Every 2 years, or can continue every year
Low-dose CT Lung Ages 55-74 – For current/past heavy smokers: Discuss potential benefits/harms with the doctor
One of the following: Colon Ages 50 and over (some guidelines recommend starting at age 45)
Colonoscopy Every 10 years
Flexible sigmoidoscopy Every 5 years
Virtual colonoscopy (CT colonography) Every 5 years
Stool DNA Test (DNA) Every 3 years
Faecal occult blood test (gFOBT) or Fecal immunochemical test (FIT) Every year

 

Tests for men

Age Test Cancer How often
45 and over
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test, with/without a rectal exam Prostate Ages 45-49 – African-American men and others at increased risk: Discuss potential benefits/harms with the doctor
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test, with/without a rectal exam Prostate Ages 50 and over – Discuss potential benefits/harms with the doctor
Low-dose CT Lung Age 55 – 74 – For current/past heavy smokers: Discuss potential benefits/harms with the doctor
One of the following: Colon Ages 50 and over (some guidelines recommend starting at age 45)
Colonoscopy Every 10 years
Flexible sigmoidoscopy Every 5 years
Virtual colonoscopy (CT colonography) Every 5 years
Stool DNA test (sDNA) Every 3 years
Faecal occult blood test (gFOBT) or Fecal immunochemical test (FIT) Every year

 

If, after reading the article “every detail about how to prevent cancer! “, you liked it and became interested in studying in other fields of health and medicine, we suggest you read the following articles from the category cancer on our website.

 

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