Blood pressure (BP) is the force exerted on the artery walls by the heart as it circulates blood throughout your body.
Based on researches that healthowealth has done, Healthy blood pressure range varies by gender and rises with age. It’s critical to understand how Healthy blood pressure range influences your health.
This article will discuss how healthcare practitioners distinguish Healthy blood pressure range from hypertension (high blood pressure). It will also go through the health dangers associated with hypertension, how to check your Healthy blood pressure range, and when to contact your doctor.
What Do Blood Pressure Readings Indicate?
Blood pressure measurements are made up of two numbers, such as 120/80 mm Hg.
When your heart beats, the top number (systolic pressure) measures the pressure in your arteries. The bottom number (diastolic pressure) represents the pressure in your arteries between heartbeats.
The standard unit of measurement, mm Hg, is an abbreviation for “millimeters of mercury.” Although mercury pressure gauges have been superseded by electronic pressure gauges, the acronym remains in use.
Children’s Healthy blood pressure range
Healthy blood pressure range in children differs depending on their age. This chart is provided by the University of Iowa Stead Family Children’s Hospital:
|Children healthy blood pressure range|
|Newborns up to 1 month||60–90 mm Hg||20–60 mm Hg|
|Infant||87–105 mm Hg||53–66 mm Hg|
|Toddler||95–105 mm Hg||53–66 mm Hg|
|Preschooler||95–110 mm Hg||56–70 mm Hg|
|School-aged child||97–112 mm Hg||57–71 mm Hg|
|Adolescent||112–128 mm Hg||66–80 mm Hg|
What is considered healthy for your child varies according to height, age, and gender. You can use the Baylor College of Medicine’s calculator to see whether your child’s blood pressure is within a Healthy blood pressure range or not.
Adults with Healthy blood pressure range
The American Heart Association defines Healthy blood pressure range for adults (those aged 20 and over) as less than 120/80 mm Hg.
Hypertension, on the other hand, is described as having a systolic pressure of 130 mm Hg or higher, or a diastolic pressure of 80 mm Hg or higher, the majority of the time.
Healthy blood pressure range in Relation to Age
As you become older, your blood vessels stiffen and plaque (a fatty substance) can build up, causing your blood pressure to rise. You’re more prone to get heart disease, strokes, and other issues if your blood pressure becomes too high.
According to a study analysis published in Lancet, the global average blood pressure in 2015 was 127/79 mm Hg in males and 122/77 mm Hg in women.
The average blood pressure in people in the United States between 2001 and 2008 was 122/71 mm Hg, according to experts from the National Center for Health Statistics. The men’s breakthrough was 124/72 mm Hg, while the women’s was 121/70 mm Hg.
The researchers discovered the following breakdowns based on age, gender, and race or ethnicity:
|Healthy blood pressure range by Age|
|18-39 years||119/70 mm Hg||110/68 mm Hg|
|40-59 years||124/77 mm Hg||122/74 mm Hg|
|60+ years||133/69 mm Hg||139/68 mm Hg|
|Healthy blood pressure range by Race/Ethnicity|
|White||122/71 mm Hg|
|Black||127/73 mm Hg|
|Mexican American||123/70 mm Hg|
Blood Pressure Is Excessive!
High blood pressure is becoming increasingly frequent as the population ages and life expectancy rises.
The National High Blood Pressure Education Program was founded in 1972 by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. More people were informed about high blood pressure as a result of the program.
As more people became aware of their high blood pressure and began taking medication to treat it, the prevalence of high blood pressure decreased. In fact, the proportion of persons with high blood pressure fell from 47 percent in 1999–2000 to 42 percent in 2013–2014. However, in 2017–2018, the ratio increased to 45 percent.
According to one survey, just 58 percent of persons under the age of 40 were aware they had high blood pressure in 2017-2018.
In 2018, 45 percent of individuals in the United States had high blood pressure, including 51 percent of men and 40 percent of women. This comprised 22% of those aged 18 to 39, 55% of adults aged 40 to 59, and 75% of those aged 60 and older.
An adult’s Healthy blood pressure range is 120/80, however, it is lower in children and teenagers. In 2018, over half of all people in the United States (45 percent) had blood pressure that was higher than usual. High blood pressure affects more males than women, and Blacker and Latinx individuals than White people.
Factors of Risk
Hypertension is caused by a number of risk factors, including:
People who do not exercise on a daily basis are more likely to develop hypertension and heart disease.
High salt, sugar, saturated fat, and trans fat diets have been related to high blood pressure and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (heart and blood vessels).
Being overweight or obese forces your heart to work harder to circulate blood and oxygen throughout your body.
Smoking or being exposed to secondhand smoke can cause artery damage and elevate blood pressure.
Drinking excessively on a regular basis has been linked to high blood pressure and other cardiac issues.
Family history of high blood pressure
High blood pressure tends to run in families.
Age and gender
Men are more likely than women to develop high blood pressure, although the risk increases with age for everyone.
Stages of Blood Pressure
Adults with high blood pressure are divided into several stages. There is a bigger risk to your health at each step. A hypertensive crisis, defined as blood pressure more than 180/120, is a rapid rise in blood pressure that can lead to a stroke.
|Stages of High Blood Pressure|
|Elevated||120-129 mm Hg||Less than 80|
|Stage 1 hypertension||130-139 mm Hg||80-89 mm Hg|
|Stage 2 hypertension||140 mm Hg and up||90 mm Hg and up|
|Hypertensive crisis||180 mm Hg and up||120 mm Hg and up|
Treatments and Risks
A steady increase in your blood pressure over time puts your health in danger. Your healthcare professional is likely to reply in one of the following ways:
If you do not take action to regulate your blood pressure, you are likely to develop hypertension. Changes in lifestyle, such as eating a heart-healthy diet, getting more exercise, and stopping smoking, may be included.
Hypertension in the first stage
Your doctor will almost certainly advise you to make lifestyle adjustments. Depending on your risk of cardiovascular illness, heart attack, or stroke, they may also prescribe medication.
Stage 2 hypertension
To reduce your blood pressure, your doctor will most likely recommend medication as well as lifestyle adjustments.
If your blood pressure is this high, you should seek medical assistance immediately soon. You might have a heart attack, a stroke, or something else that will harm your organs or endanger your life.
When Should You Contact Your Healthcare Provider?
A hypertensive crisis (blood pressure more than 180/120 mm Hg) needs prompt medical intervention. If you are also suffering chest discomfort, back pain, shortness of breath, trouble speaking, a change in eyesight, weakness, or numbness, call 911.
High blood pressure may be classified into many phases. As your blood pressure rises, so does the detrimental influence on your health. Treatment for each stage might be recommended by a healthcare physician, beginning with dietary and lifestyle modifications and progressing to pharmacological alternatives.
How Is Blood Pressure Measured?
Pharmacies, businesses, and medical clinics all include blood pressure checking stations. A blood pressure monitor can also be purchased online or at your local drugstore.
A cuff connected to a monitor is put on your arm to measure your blood pressure. The cuff is then inflated with an air pump until its pressure blocks blood flow from your brachial artery, which is located in your upper arm.
When the cuff deflates, the gadget detects the pressure when blood flow resumes (systolic pressure). The gadget measures the lowest pressure between beats after the cuff has been entirely deflated (diastolic pressure).
Typically, more emphasis is placed on the systolic Healthy blood pressure range, as this is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease in those over the age of 50. Both values, however, are utilized to make a diagnosis.
How to Take a Blood Pressure Reading?
If you take your blood pressure at home, there are several measures you may take to achieve the most accurate result.
The idea is to take your blood pressure when it is at its lowest. As a result, it’s a good idea to take a five-minute break in a quiet area before getting started. The American Heart Association also warns avoiding smoking, exercising, or consuming caffeinated beverages within 30 minutes of measuring your blood pressure.
Correct Cuff Size
Healthcare professionals frequently retain one standard cuff in the examination room, which is intended to be used for patients of “normal” height and weight. If you are larger or smaller than usual, the default cuff will not yield an accurate reading, and you should use a more suitably sized cuff.
The following cuff sizes are specified by official guidelines:
- Small adult cuff: Fits arms with circumferences ranging from 22 to 26 centimeters (cm)
- Adult cuff: Fits arm circumferences ranging from 27 to 34 cm.
- For arm circumferences of 35 to 44 cm, use the large adult cuff.
- Adult thigh cuff: Fits arm circumferences ranging from 45 to 52 cm.
Find a seat that is well-supported in an upright position and has your feet flat on the ground. Consider sitting at a dining table instead of a sofa and resting your arm on the tabletop. Your shackled arm should be supported at the same level as your heart.
The bottom of the cuff should be positioned directly against your flesh, right above the bend of your elbow. If you’re wearing sleeves, roll them up and remove any layers that are in the way.
Take Several Readings
A single blood pressure reading is insufficient to provide an accurate reading. Temperature and stress can cause blood pressure to fluctuate, therefore taking many readings helps you to account for these differences.
During healthcare provider visits, more than one reading should be taken, ideally once at the beginning and once at the conclusion.
How to Select a Blood Pressure Monitor?
If you intend to take your blood pressure at home, you must have a trustworthy blood pressure monitor. The American Heart Association recommends an automated cuff-style bicep (upper-arm) monitor, however, there are alternative possibilities.
Consider the following when purchasing a blood pressure monitor:
To guarantee a suitable fit, measure around your upper arm and select a monitor with the appropriate size cuff.
Number of users
If more than one person will be using the monitor, make sure you select one that is large enough to accommodate everyone.
Extra tech features, such as Bluetooth and app connectivity, are available on some blood pressure monitors. If you don’t believe you’ll benefit from these additions, go ahead and select one that is more efficient, simple to use, and less expensive.
The cost of a high-quality blood pressure monitor ranges from roughly $25 to well over $100. Remember that a nice monitor is an excellent investment that you will use on a daily basis for many years.
According to the AHA, when purchasing a blood pressure monitor for a senior, pregnant woman, or kid, make sure it is validated for these situations.
Although blood pressure rises with age, exercise, a good diet, and quitting smoking can help reduce your risk of hypertension (high blood pressure). Regular blood pressure checks with your doctor and learning to monitor your own can help you stay healthy.
It’s useful to know where you stand in terms of average blood pressure for your age, but it’s even more important to know how your readings relate to Healthy blood pressure range. If you are above normal, you should contact your healthcare practitioner right once. To keep your blood pressure under control, follow their advice.
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